地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1321-1329.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.08.014

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人海关系地域系统视角下海洋本体的解构与研究重点

刘天宝1,杨芳芳2,韩增林1,彭飞1()   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连116029
    2. 辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,辽宁 大连116029
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-15 修回日期:2018-10-27 出版日期:2019-08-10 发布日期:2019-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 彭飞 E-mail:pfly324@163.com
  • 作者简介:刘天宝(1976-),男,河北保定人,博士,讲师,主要从事城市地理与海洋经济地理研究。E-mail: liutb5678@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601114);教育部人文社科研究基地项目(17JJD790010);教育部人文社科研究基地项目(18JJD79005);教育部人文社科青年基金项目(16YJC790080);辽宁省教育厅项目资助(w201683604);辽宁省教育厅项目资助(H201783627)

Deconstruction of Marine Ontology and Important Research Issues in Perspective of Human-ocean Regional System

Liu Tianbao1,Yang Fangfang2,Han Zenglin1,Peng Fei1()   

  1. 1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development of Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. City Environment Institute of Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-07-15 Revised:2018-10-27 Online:2019-08-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Contact: Peng Fei E-mail:pfly324@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601114);Project in Research Base for Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education(17JJD790010);Project in Research Base for Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education(18JJD79005);Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Sciences Youth Fund(16YJC790080);Liaoning Provincial Department of Education Project(w201683604);Liaoning Provincial Department of Education Project(H201783627)

摘要:

在揭示人海辩证关系与海洋社会属性的基础上,从人海关系地域系统的视角,解析了海洋的构成。第一海洋(自然海洋)是人海关系地域系统中自然存在而非人为构筑的海洋部分,其核心要素是地理位置、物质构成和空间形态。第二海洋(人工海洋)是人类海洋实践中所建造的设施及相应的物质、能量及信息流动,包括基地设施、人类主体之间的物质信息交流和人类与海洋之间的采集排放活动。第三海洋(关系海洋)是不同人类主体在海洋实践中形成的互动关系,核心内容是主体构成、内容组成以及表现形式。第四海洋(观念海洋)是人类对海洋及海洋实践活动的认知,核心是在处理人类与海洋、陆地与海洋和人类主体之间关系时所秉持的理念。现实中,自然海洋、实践性的人工海洋和关系海洋与构想性的观念海洋相互作用,形成了丰富多样的海洋世界。随着人类海洋实践的深化,关系海洋和观念海洋与自然海洋和人工海洋一并成为了研究与实践的重点。

关键词: 人海关系地域系统, 海洋, 社会性, 历史地理差异

Abstract:

In human-ocean regional system, ocean gets important property of sociality. As for composition, ocean has 4 parts. The first ocean, namely natural ocean, is the naturally existing part of ocean in human-ocean region system. Its core elements are geographical location, physical composition and spatial form. The second ocean, namely artificial ocean, is the built facilities and related material and energy flow in human’s marine practices, including base and facilities, material flow between human subjects and collection & emission between human and ocean. The third ocean, namely relation ocean, is the relationship between human subjects concerning marine practices. Its main contents are subject composition, contents and representation form. The fourth ocean, namely concept ocean, is human’s cognition and perception of ocean and related practices. The core is the idea concerning the relationships between human and ocean, land and ocean and human subjects. In reality, natural ocean, practical ocean and conceived ocean interact one another, producing colorful oceans. With human’s marine practices development, relation and concept oceans, together with natural and artificial oceans, have become marine research and practice focuses.

Key words: human-ocean regional system, ocean, sociality, historical and geographical difference

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2