地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1570-1580.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.10.006

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中国农民工“同乡村”研究:空间生产与社会融合——以深圳“四川村”为例

杨高1, 周春山2()   

  1. 1. 广东财经大学地理与旅游学院, 广东 广州 510320
    2. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-23 修回日期:2019-01-13 出版日期:2019-10-10 发布日期:2019-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 周春山 E-mail:zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨高(1984-),男,四川达州人,讲师,博士,主要从事城市地理和人口地理研究。E-mail:yanggao2@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17BRK010);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(18YJCZH217);广东省哲学社会科学“十三五”规划青年项目(GD18YSH03)

Space Production and Social Integration of Migrants Homeplace-based Communites in China: A Case Study of Sichuan Village, Shenzhen

Yang Gao1, Zhou Chunshan2()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Guangzhou 510320, Guangdong, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2018-09-23 Revised:2019-01-13 Online:2019-10-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Contact: Zhou Chunshan E-mail:zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(17BRK010);Youth Project of Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Education of China(18YJCZH217);Youth Project of Philosophy and Social Sciences of Guangdong Province “in 13th Five-Year” Plan(GD18YSH03)

摘要:

基于社会空间辩证法视角,运用质性研究和定量研究相结合的综合分析方法,以深圳“四川村”为例,对中国“同乡村” 的空间生产和社会融合进行研究。研究表明:政府、当地村民、社区组织(流动党支部)和外来农民工共同作用于“四川村”的空间生产,政府和本地村民利用手中的行政权力和资本权力成为“四川村”物质空间生产的主体,追求聚居区的经济效益和和谐优美的社区环境;社区组织依靠跨地域投资、就业机会的供给及纽带作用,成为聚居区和谐环境建设和乡土社会重构的重要辅助力量;外来农民工展现出“扩散-竞争模式”为主的空间聚集,是物质空间实践的驱动力,寻求着自身文化符号的乡土社区,以实现文化认同和传统社会网络的异地构建。“四川村”为农民工提供了就业机会、职业培训和向上社会流动的路径,“四川村”农民工社会融合度相对较高,尤其体现在社区融合、社交融合和心理融合。

关键词: 同乡村, 空间生产, 社会融合, 四川村, 深圳

Abstract:

Immigration research has become one of the most important research topics, geographical research is mainly concentrated in the immigrant community. Rural migrant enclaves with Chinese characteristics are emerged in the 1980s. Previous studies have attributed the proliferation of rural migrant enclaves primarily to urban-rural dual institution and the constraints limiting migrants’ residential options. Based on field study and the question survey of migrant workers, and using the methods of qualitative and quantitative research, this article aims to probe into the evolution process, production of space, spatial appeals of different actors and social influence. As the homeplace-based community, the governments, local villagers, community organization and migrant workers are the main body of the material space production in Sichuan village. The governments and local villagers achieve the representations of space using administrative power and capital power, pursuit of economic benefits, harmonious community environment. With translocal investment, employment opportunities and interconnect function, the community organization is becoming the important auxiliary force for the construction of harmonious environment and the reconstruction of rural society. The migrant workers with “diffusion-competition model” spatial agglomeration are the driving forces of spatial practice, they are aimed at seeking cultural identity and the construction of the traditional social network in different places. “Sichuan village” which providing a large number of traditional social network, employment opportunities and vocational training, becomes the functional and emotional dependence for migrant workers. In addition, it provides the way to achieving upward social mobility, and promotes the integration, especially community integration, social relation integration and psychological integration.

Key words: homeplace-based communites, space production, social integration, Sichuan village, Shenzhen

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9