地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1612-1620.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.10.010

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基于活动视角的城市建成环境与居民健康关系研究框架

曹阳1,2,3, 甄峰1,2(), 姜玉培1,2   

  1. 1. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,江苏 南京210093
    2. 江苏省智慧城市设计仿真与可视化技术工程实验室,江苏 南京210093
    3. 江苏省城市规划设计研究院,江苏 南京210024
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-10 修回日期:2018-11-07 出版日期:2019-10-10 发布日期:2019-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 甄峰 E-mail:zhenfeng@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:曹阳(1989-),男,江苏南京人,博士研究生,主要从事大数据与健康城市规划研究。E-mail:834154997@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571146)

The Framework of Relationship Between Built Environment and Residents' Healthy Based on Activity Perspective

Cao Yang1,2,3, Zhen Feng1,2(), Jiang Yupei1,2   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China
    2. Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Smart City Design Simulation & Visualization, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China;
    3. Jiangsu Urban Planning and Design Institute, Nanjing 210024, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2018-09-10 Revised:2018-11-07 Online:2019-10-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Contact: Zhen Feng E-mail:zhenfeng@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571146)

摘要:

快速城镇化在改变城市空间形态与布局的同时也对公众健康产生了间接影响,城市建成环境对居民健康的影响过程与作用模式的研究,一直是预防医学、地理学与环境科学等多学科关注的热点。以居民日常体力活动为中介变量,围绕“城市建成环境与居民健康关系”这一健康地理学研究的重要分支方向,提炼了不同尺度建成环境与居民健康关系的概念模型与作用模式。在此基础上,提出了“建成环境客观组织-居民主观感知-体力活动促进-健康效应产出”系统性研究框架,并从数据来源、研究方法、重点研究内容3个方面阐述了具体研究思路,认为通过居民活动识别空间利用与方案优化是未来微观尺度健康地理研究的重要结合方向,为后续实证研究提供理论支撑与范式借鉴,同时也为相关公共卫生政策制定提供参考依据。

关键词: 建成环境, 体力活动, 健康效应, 研究框架

Abstract:

Rapid urbanization has an indirect impact on public health while changing the shape and layout of urban space. The study on the process and mode of urban built environment on residents' health has always been a hot topic of preventive medicine, geography and environmental science. Based on the residents' daily physical activity, this paper focuses on the important branching direction of the research on the relationship between urban built environment and residents' health, clearly defined the conceptual model and action pattern between different scale built environment and residents' health. On this basis, the paper proposes a systematic research framework based on the logical structure of ‘Built environment objective organization-residents' subjective perception-physical activity promotion-health effect output’, and elaborates the specific research ideas from three aspects of data sources, research methods and key research contents. It is believed that residents' daily activities are critical to reveal the space utilization and layout optimization. It is an important combination direction for the development of micro-scale health geography in the future. The study provides theoretical support and paradigm for subsequent empirical research, and also provides reference for relevant public health policy.

Key words: built environment, physical activities, healthy effect, research framework

中图分类号: 

  • C913.3