地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1621-1630.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.10.011

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高质量增长背景下海洋经济发展的时空协调模式研究——基于环渤海地区地级市的实证

狄乾斌1,2, 於哲2, 徐礼祥2   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
    2. 辽宁师范大学地理科学学院,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-20 修回日期:2019-01-11 出版日期:2019-10-10 发布日期:2019-10-10
  • 作者简介:狄乾斌(1977-),男,山东滕州人,教授,博导,研究方向为海洋经济地理。E-mail:dqbwmn@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571127);教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目(17JJD790010);辽宁省百千万人才工程项目(2017B034)

Spatial-temporal Coordination Mode of Marine Economic Development Under the Background of High Quality Growth: Based on the Empirical Study of Prefecture-level Cities in Circum-Bohai Sea

Di Qianbin1,2, Yu Zhe2, Xu Lixiang2   

  1. 1. Marine Economies and Sustainable Development Research Center, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China 2.School of Geography, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. School of Geography, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-10-20 Revised:2019-01-11 Online:2019-10-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571127);Major Project in Key Research Base for Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education(17JJD790010);Liaoning BaiQianWan Talents Program(2017B034)

摘要:

海洋经济协调发展是科学评价区域海洋经济发展质量的重要依据。遵循城市与海洋经济协同的发展理念,构建环渤海城市海洋经济发展时空协调度评价体系,运用复杂系统时空协调度评价模型,计算并分析2008~2016年环渤海城市海洋经济发展时空协调度,通过SaTScan软件分析其时空聚类区。研究结果显示:①海洋经济各系统发展水平中,社会系统呈大幅度分散上升趋势,经济系统、生态系统与综合系统呈小幅度集中与分散交替上升趋势;协调等级时序变化稳定型城市主要是大连、潍坊、青岛、烟台、威海。②协调度时空聚类区既有空间分异又有重叠交集,社会系统、综合系统、经济系统聚类区依次相互覆盖,生态系统与其它三系统既有重叠区也有独立区。③聚类区内部,社会系统最为稳定,综合系统、经济系统次之,生态系统最为薄弱。

关键词: 海洋经济, 时空权重矩阵, 时空变化, 时空扫描统计, 环渤海城市

Abstract:

The coordinated development of marine economy is an important basis for scientifically evaluating the quality of regional marine economic development. Following the concept of urban and marine economy synergy development, this paper constructs an evaluation system of spatial-temporal coordination degree of marine economic development in cities circum-Bohai Sea. The spatial-temporal coordination degree of marine economic development in cities of circum-Bohai sea from 2008 to 2016 is calculated and analyzed by using the evaluation model of spatial-temporal coordination degree of complex systems, and its spatial-temporal clustering areas are analyzed by SaTScan software. The results show that: 1) in the development level of marine economic system, the social subsystem showed a large-scale decentralized upward trend, while the economic subsystem, ecological subsystem and integrated system showed a small-scale centralized and decentralized upward trend alternately; the stable cities with coordinated grade and time series change were mainly includes Dalian, Weifang, Qingdao, Yantai and Weihai. 2) The spatial and temporal clustering areas of coordination degree are not only spatially differentiated but also overlapping and intersecting. The clustering areas of social subsystem, comprehensive subsystem and economic subsystem cover each other in turn. The ecological subsystem and other three systems have both overlapping and independent areas. 3) Within the cluster area, the social subsystem is the most stable, the comprehensive subsystem and the economic subsystem are the second, and the ecological subsystem is the weakest.

Key words: marine economy, spatial-temporal weight matrix, spatial-temporal changes, spatial-temporal scan statistics, cites of circum-Bohai Sea

中图分类号: 

  • P74