地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 1806-1813.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.11.015

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河北省休闲农业的空间分布及影响机制

向雁, 陈印军(), 侯艳林, 屈宝香   

  1. 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-14 修回日期:2019-03-10 出版日期:2019-11-10 发布日期:2020-01-09
  • 通讯作者: 陈印军 E-mail:chenyinjun@caas.cn
  • 作者简介:向雁(1989-),女,湖北恩施人,博士研究生,研究方向为农业经济理论与政策。E-mail:1263315496@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国农业科学院科技创新工程协同项目(CAAS-XTCX2016008-8);中国工程院重大咨询项目资助(2018-XZ-36)

Spatial Distribution and Influencing Factors of Leisure Agriculture: A Case from Hebei Province

Xiang Yan, Chen Yinjun(), Hou Yanlin, Qu Baoxiang   

  1. Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2019-01-14 Revised:2019-03-10 Online:2019-11-10 Published:2020-01-09
  • Contact: Chen Yinjun E-mail:chenyinjun@caas.cn
  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences(CAAS-XTCX2016008-8);Major Consulting Projects of the Chinese Academy of Engineering(2018-XZ-36)

摘要:

以河北省436家休闲农业品牌主体为研究样本,采用最邻近指数、核密度估算、近邻分析等方法,对其空间分布类型、空间结构演化、空间分布特征进行了分析。在此基础上进一步利用地理探测器量化分析了不同因素对休闲农业空间分布的影响作用。结果表明,河北休闲农业品牌总体呈显著的聚集型空间分布,并逐步演化为南部聚集连片、北部环绕京津、局部组团化聚集的高密度空间分布格局;休闲农业品牌呈现“沿路”“傍水”“环城”“近景”“依产”分布特征;休闲农业品牌的空间分布受到多种因素的综合作用影响,旅游市场条件是影响休闲农业空间分布的最主要的影响因素,其次为交通条件和自然资源。针对河北省休闲农业提出发展建议。

关键词: 休闲农业, 京津冀发展, 地理探测器, 河北省

Abstract:

To investigate the developments of leisure agriculture, a sample of 436 leisure agriculture brands in Hebei, China was selected. This paper seeks to estimate the spatial distribution type, spatial structure evolution and spatial distribution characteristics of leisure agriculture brands in Hebei by using nearest neighbor analysis, kernel density estimation, proximity distance measurements, and identifies determinants that influence the spatial distribution of leisure agriculture by using Geodetector method. Results indicated that: 1) The spatial distribution of leisure agricultural in Hebei province has a remarkable spatial distribution of aggregation type, and gradually evolves into a high-density spatial distribution pattern of aggregation in the south, surroundings Beijing and Tianjin in the north, and local clustering; 2) The spatial distribution characteristics of leisure agriculture are as follows: 89.22% of leisure agriculture brands are distributed within 3 km from the main roads, indicating that leisure agriculture brands have the spatial characteristics of “along the road” distribution. Meanwhile, 90.60% of them are distributed within a distance of 5 km from the main river system, the distribution characteristics of “near water” is obvious. To some degree, it is also distributed near scenic spots, with 59.86% of the total brands are in 15 km away from 3A and above scenic spots. As for the distribution characteristics of the distance from the market, it reveals that around 20-60 km distance to city central downtown and 5-15 km distance to county downtown are the most concentrated area. At the same time, the results show that the spatial distribution of leisure agriculture brands are relevant to distinctive agriculture product distribution; 3) The tourism market conditions are the primary determinants influencing the spatial distribution of leisure agriculture, according to the Geodetector, the distance to central downtown, to county town, and to 3A and above scenic spots play the leading role. In addition to the above primary determinants, traffic conditions and natural resource are proved to have important impact on spatial distribution, which the distance to the main roads and water system, traffic accessibility and altitude are the main factors to strongly influence their spatial distribution. The paper also verifies impact of the social and economic development factors, agricultural development factors on spatial distribution of leisure agriculture, but they all belong to the subordinate effect factors, their influence on the spatial distribution of leisure agriculture are small. Finally, according to the results of the study, some suggestions are put forward for the development of leisure agriculture in Hebei province.

Key words: leisure agriculture, Beijing-Tianjing-Hebei region development, Geodetector, Hebei Province

中图分类号: 

  • F319.9