地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 128-136.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.01.016

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嵌入性对古村落旅游地经济可持续发展的影响机制研究——以西递、宏村为例

刘逸1, 黄凯旋2, 保继刚1,3(), 覃杨1   

  1. 1. 中山大学旅游学院, 广东 广州510275
    2. 新加坡国立大学地理系, 新加坡 新加坡 117570
    3. 中山大学旅游发展与规划研究中心, 广东 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-07 修回日期:2019-12-10 出版日期:2020-01-10 发布日期:2020-03-17
  • 通讯作者: 保继刚 E-mail:eesbjg@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘逸(1980-),男,广东汕头人,博士,副教授,博导,研究方向为旅游地理与大数据、产业升级创新研究。E-mail: liuyi89@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社科基金项目(14YJC790083);教育部人文社科基金项目(19YJAZH060);国家自然科学基金项目(41920104002)

Impacts of Embeddedness Towards Tourism Economic Sustainability of Historic Villages: A Case of Xidi and Hongcun

Liu Yi1, Huang Kaixuan2, Bao Jigang1,3(), Qin Yang1   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. Department of Geography, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117570, Singapore
    3. Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2019-10-07 Revised:2019-12-10 Online:2020-01-10 Published:2020-03-17
  • Contact: Bao Jigang E-mail:eesbjg@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The Humanities and Social Sciences Financed by Ministry of Education in China(14YJC790083);The Humanities and Social Sciences Financed by Ministry of Education in China(19YJAZH060);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41920104002)

摘要:

以西递和宏村发展路径的演变为例,借助嵌入性概念,解释了2个古村落兴衰交替的成因和影响,揭示该类旅游目的地可持续发展的机制。结论认为,高嵌入性可以带来较稳定的社区发展模式和和谐的利益分配方式,但是对产业升级存在双重制约作用,而低嵌入性所起到的作用刚好相反,二者的权衡在于旅游漏损的多与少、学习渠道的盈与缺之间。从动态角度看,对于古村落旅游可持续发展而言,学习机制比利益分配机制更重要;当学习机制有效发挥作用,带动产业升级发展,从而带来更加丰厚的利润时,分配不均的矛盾有机会被消解。

关键词: 可持续旅游发展, 古村落旅游, 嵌入性, 旅游漏损, 学习能力, 产业升级

Abstract:

The sustainable development of historic villages is one of the hotspots in the research field of Tourism Geography. Existing research mainly focus on the property right arrangement, benefit distribution mechanism, and the conservation and sustainable utilization of tourism resource. However, the learning mechanism and the source of technology progress are yet to discuss. In this context, the majority of extant studies hold a supportive view of community-dominated pattern of development. This article argues that the learning mechanism and industrial upgrading in these villages and the negative effects of the community-dominated pattern of tourism development cannot be overlooked. Through the cases of two cultural world heritages in China, Xidi and Hongcun, this study attempts to explain the reasons and impacts of the alternate rise and fall of these two historic villages, from the perspective of embeddedness. It aims to unveil the relation between high (community-dominated) and low (outsider-dominated)-embedded patterns and the economic sustainability in historical tourism villages. It intends to explain how different patterns of embeddedness lead to distinguished outcomes of tourism leakages, learning activities, industrial upgrading and their further tourism development in historic villages. Conclusions are as follows: 1) The high-embeddedness pattern can bring about comparatively stable community development and fair value distribution in the community. But it relatively hinders the upgrading of the tourism industry, and the low-embeddedness pattern, vice versa. The relationship between embeddedness and the economic sustainability of the tourism villages is dialectical and the key rests on the trade-off between less tourism leakages or more leaning opportunities. 2) Considering the sustainable tourism development of historic villages in a more dynamic and long-term manner, the learning mechanism is more important than the equal share of profits. When the learning mechanism effectively facilitates the industrial upgrading, abundant benefits can be generated and the conflicts caused by uneven distribution are more likely to alleviate. Overall, the contribution of this article is to construct a more critical analytical perspective for the branch of sustainability study in tourism geography. It identifies the key of the trade-offs in high/low embeddedness patterns and the importance of learning. Additionally, this study has supplemented a new type of case studies to the industrial upgrading research in economic geography from the perspective of tourism geography.

Key words: sustainable tourism development, historic village, embeddedness, tourism leakage, learning opportunities, industrial upgrading

中图分类号: 

  • F592.99