地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 289-297.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.02.014

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中国典型旅游城市生活服务水平评价及障碍因素研究

孙振杰1,2, 袁家冬1(), 刘继斌3   

  1. 1. 东北师范大学地理科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024
    2. 河北经贸大学旅游学院, 河北 石家庄 050061
    3. 吉林省城乡规划设计研究院,吉林 长春 130061
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-11 修回日期:2019-10-12 出版日期:2020-02-10 发布日期:2020-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 袁家冬 E-mail:yuanjd703@nenu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:孙振杰(1979-),男,河北清河人,博士研究生,副教授,主要从事旅游地理研究。E-mail: sunzhenjie@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(14CGL021);河北省人才工程培养项目(A201901039)

Evaluation and Obstacle Factors of Life Services Level of Typical Tourism Cities in China

Sun Zhenjie1,2, Yuan Jiadong1(), Liu Jibin3   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
    2. School of Tourism, Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang 050061, Hebei, China
    3. Urban Planning and Design Institute of Jilin Province, Changchun 130061, Jilin, China
  • Received:2019-04-11 Revised:2019-10-12 Online:2020-02-10 Published:2020-04-09
  • Contact: Yuan Jiadong E-mail:yuanjd703@nenu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(14CGL021);Talent Training Project of Hebei Province(A201901039)

摘要:

旅游城市是城市居民和外来旅游者实现美好生活的重要空间。根据城市发展的综合性目标与新时代人民美好生活需要密切对应理念,构建生活服务水平评价指标体系,基于中国23个典型旅游城市数据,运用TOPSIS模型评价2010~2016年典型旅游城市的生活服务水平,并引入障碍度模型分析旅游城市生活服务的主要障碍因素。结果表明,2010~2016年中国旅游城市生活服务水平呈现逐步上升趋势,城市排序比较稳定,珠三角和长三角旅游城市的总体水平较高,但仍未达到生活服务的高水平阶段;旅游城市在社会文化、经济基础和开放共享层面的评价得分逐步上升,公共服务和出行设施的评价得分下降明显,城市公共服务提升和出行设施的增量建设不足;大多数城市生活服务的主要障碍因素来自出行设施、开放共享、公共服务和社会文化,并且在出行设施、公共服务和社会文化上的障碍度仍有增大的趋向。

关键词: 典型旅游城市, 生活服务水平, 美好生活, 障碍度, 贴近度

Abstract:

Compared with daily life, tourism activity is becoming an indispensable component of people's life and it is more and more important to people's better life. The tourism city is the key space to achieve a better life not only for tourists, but also for urban residents. In the new era of pursuing a better life, China's focus has shifted to higher-quality growth, and the connotation and evaluation index system of life services level of tourism cities also need to update. Therefore, on the basis of combing the evolution and connotation development of better life, the evaluation system of life services level of tourism cities is constructed in this article. Taking 23 typical tourism cities in China as the research objects, this study evaluates life services level of these tourism cities and reveals the main obstacle factors to make suggestions on the development of life services level. Based on various statistical data of 23 typical tourism cities from 2010 to 2016, the evaluation system consists of total 35 indicators to evaluate life services level of these tourism cities from 7 aspects, including economic foundation, innovation ability, public services, travel facilities, ecological environment, open sharing, and society and culture. The entropy-TOPSIS method is used to measure the life services level of tourism cities, and the major obstacle factors are measured through the Obstacle Degree Model (calculating factor contribution, index deviation and obstacle respectively). The results show that the life services level of 23 typical tourism cities in China presents a steady improvement trend, and the life services level gap of the different tourism cities has not gradually expanded during the study period. Four aspects, including ecological environment, innovation ability, economic foundation and public services, reveal the outstanding contributions to the improvement of the life services level of tourism cities. The Obstacle Degree Model results show that the main obstacle factors of the life services level of tourism cities are relatively stable. Travel facilities, open sharing, public services, society and culture factors are the primary constraints for most cities. In the future, toward the new era of pursuing a better life, the tourism cities should make efforts to solve the main obstacle factors of achieving better life. The development of tourism cities should focus on people's happiness and convenience, not only for tourists, but also for urban residents. And the targeted measures according to local conditions especially its significant constraints deserve much more attention to promote the better life level of tourism cities.

Key words: typical tourism cities, life services level, better life, obstacle degree, nearness degree

中图分类号: 

  • F59