地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 383-392.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.03.006

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东北三省区域经济差异的多尺度与多机制研究

江孝君1,2, 杨青山3,4(), 刘杰3,4, 沈方1,2, 刘鉴3,4   

  1. 1. 唐山师范学院,河北 唐山 063000
    2. 唐山市地理信息技术与应用重点实验室,河北 唐山 063000
    3. 东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春 130024
    4. 东北师范大学城镇化与区域发展研究中心,吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-17 修回日期:2019-10-22 出版日期:2020-03-10 发布日期:2020-05-13
  • 通讯作者: 杨青山 E-mail:yangqs027@nenu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:江孝君(1990-),男,河北邯郸人,博士,讲师,主要从事城市与区域发展。E-mail: jiangxj2019@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771126);唐山师范学院博士基金项目资助(2020A0)

Multi-scale and Multi-mechanism Research of Regional Economic Differences in the Three Provinces of Northeast China

Jiang Xiaojun1,2, Yang Qingshan3,4(), Liu Jie3,4, Shen Fang1,2, Liu Jian3,4   

  1. 1. School of Tangshan Normal University, Tangshan 063000, Hebei, China
    2. Tangshan Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Technology and Application, Tangshan 063000, Hebei, China
    3. School of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
    4. Center of Urbanization and Regional Development, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2019-03-17 Revised:2019-10-22 Online:2020-03-10 Published:2020-05-13
  • Contact: Yang Qingshan E-mail:yangqs027@nenu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771126);Doctor Fund Project of Tangshan Normal University(2020A0)

摘要:

基于多尺度与多机制分析框架,采用差异测度及尺度分解指数、ESDA及回归分析等方法,从省级、地级、县级3个尺度分析了2003-2016年东北三省经济差异的时空特征及驱动机制。研究表明:各尺度区域经济绝对和相对差异均较为明显,呈县级>地级>省级的尺度格局;经济差异总体呈下降趋势,各尺度差异及对总差异贡献率呈市间差异>市内差异>省间差异。各尺度区域经济发展呈显著空间集聚特征,关联类型以正相关为主且低-低(LL)型占主导地位,越小的尺度空间依赖性和异质性越明显。区域经济发展空间上呈现“两核两带”的格局,即以辽中南和哈长城市群为核心,以哈大轴和东部沿边轴为发展轴带。地理区位与要素禀赋、战略政策与财政扶持、行政分割与等级体制、开放带动与空间优化等诸多要素综合作用于区域经济差异时空格局的演化。

关键词: 区域经济差异, 多尺度, 多机制, 东北三省

Abstract:

Based on the framework of multi-scale and multi mechanism analysis, using the methods of difference measure index, scale decomposition index, ESDA correlation analysis and panel data model, this article analyzed the spatial-temporal characteristics and driving mechanism of the economic differences in the three provinces of Northeast China from 2003 to 2016 based on three spatial scales-province, prefecture and county. The results show that: 1) The absolute and relative differences of regional economy in the three different spatial scales were obvious, and its had been expressed the scale pattern of county level > prefecture level > provincial level; the regional economic disparity showed a downward trend in general, and the difference of each scale and its contribution rate to the total disparity showed inter-city disparity > intra-city disparity > inter-provincial disparity. 2) There were significant features of spatial cluster for regional economic development in the three different spatial scales, spatial correlation and significant spatial correlation were positive and the concentration of Low and Low (LL) clusters, and the smaller the spatial scale, the greater the spatial dependence and heterogeneity. 3) The regional economic development showed a pattern of ‘Two Cores Two Belts’ in space, that was, taking the central and southern Liaoning and the great wall city group of Harbin as the core, taking the Harbin Dalian axis and the eastern border axis as the development axis belt. 4) The geographical location and factor endowment, strategic policy and financial support, administrative division and hierarchy, open drive and spatial optimization, and so forth, were the main influencing factors contributing to evolve the spatial-temporal pattern of regional economic differences.

Key words: regional economic differences, multi-scale, multi-mechanism, three provinces in Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9