地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 637-645.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.04.016

• 乡村地理学理论前沿探索专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

粮食地理学视角下乡村本土农业的社会建构——元阳哈尼梯田稻作系统案例

陶伟1,2, 蔡浩辉1, 廖健豪3   

  1. 1.华南师范大学地理科学学院,广东 广州 510631;
    2.华南师范大学粤港澳村镇可持续发展研究中心,广东 广州 510631;
    3.华南师范大学旅游管理学院,广东 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-05 出版日期:2020-04-10 发布日期:2020-06-10
  • 作者简介:陶伟(1971-),女,河南平顶山人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事城市形态理论与方法、社会文化地理学、城市旅游与遗产保护研究。E-mail:748954219@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(18ZDA161)

Social Construction of Local Agriculture from the Perspective of Agro-food Geography: A Case Study of Hani Rice Terraces System

Tao Wei1,2, Cai Haohui1, Liao Jianhao3   

  1. 1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China;
    2. Center for Sustainable Development of Rural and Town in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China;
    3. School of Tourism Management, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2019-06-05 Online:2020-04-10 Published:2020-06-10
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China(18ZDA161)

摘要:

选取元阳哈尼梯田稻作系统为研究对象,基于粮食地理学的农产品生产-消费网络理论,通过深度访谈等方法分析多元主体在本土农业生产消费领域中的策略及行为,解读其中的社会建构现象。研究发现:农业生产领域中多元参与特征显著,优质稻种的人为筛选、种养品种的多样化以及土地流转的推广均为政府、村民和外来企业为实现各自利益而共同协商达成的策略,不同行动者共同利用与改造着农业生产的各种要素;农产品消费领域中,政府和企业逐步承担了农产品商品化的后续工序,国有资本完成农产品的收购、加工与包装,外来商业资本负责建构商品品牌,满足目标消费者的市场需求是他们的共同目标。

关键词: 粮食地理学, 哈尼梯田稻作系统, 社会建构, 粮食生产与消费

Abstract:

The rapid process of urbanization has brought great challenges to rural development, especially the local agriculture, and agricultural degradation has become increasingly serious. Agriculture is the foundation of the national economy and the transformation of its development mode is an important task under the Rural Revitalization strategy. At the same time, food security, such as the stability of food supply and the grain quality, has become an important part of national security strategy. As an important perspective to study man-land relationship, agro-food geography is a hot topic of international rural issues. The analysis of the food network from production to consumption is not only the main research method of agro-food studies, but also a new perspective for scholars to study the urban-rural relationship. In this paper, we select Hani Rice Terraces System as the research object. Based on the production-consumption network theory of agro-food geography, we investigate the methods and behaviors of multi-subjects local agriculture and interpret the phenomenon of social construction through one-mouth in-depth interview and text analysis. The study finds that the characteristics of multi-participation in the field of agricultural production are significant and different actors both use and transform the natural elements. The selection of high-quality rice seeds, the variety of breeding species and the promotion of land transfer are strategies for government, villagers and foreign companies to jointly negotiate for their respective interests. In the field of consumption of agricultural products, the government and enterprises gradually undertake the follow-up process of commodification of red rice. State-owned capital completes the acquisition, processing and packaging of agricultural products, and commercial capital is responsible for constructing the quality of goods. The demand of the target consumers is met, which leads to the completion of the construction of the red rice production-consumption network. This paper analyzes the agricultural product network of the case, tries to spy on the corner of China's contemporary complex urban-rural relationship, and provides case reference and development path reference for the rural revitalization in rural areas mainly relying on agriculture.

Key words: agro-food geography, Hani Rice Terraces System, social construction, food production and consumption

中图分类号: 

  • K901.6