地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 646-656.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.04.017

• 乡村地理学理论前沿探索专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

工业镇“生产-生活-生态”空间演化过程、动因与重构——以河南省曲沟镇为例

于正松1,2, 程叶青3(), 李小建2,4, 孙东琪5   

  1. 1.安阳师范学院资源环境与旅游学院,河南 安阳 455000;
    2.河南大学环境与规划学院,河南 开封 475001;
    3.海南师范大学地理与环境科学学院,海南 海口 571158;
    4.河南省城乡空间数据挖掘院士工作站,河南 郑州 450000;
    5.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-07 出版日期:2020-04-10 发布日期:2020-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 程叶青 E-mail:34794249@qq.com
  • 作者简介:于正松(1981-),男,山东莒县人,博士,副教授,主要从事“三农”问题与区域发展研究。E-mail:yuzhengsong220@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601177);国家自然科学基金项目(41661028);河南省高等学校青年骨干教师项目(2017GGJS127);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(16JJD770021);河南省教育厅人文社科研究项目(2020-ZDJH-007)

Spatial Evolution Process, Motivation and Restructuring of "Production Living-Ecology" in Industrial Town: A Case Study on Qugou Town in Henan Province

Yu Zhengsong1,2, Cheng Yeqing3(), Li Xiaojian2,4, Sun Dongqi5   

  1. 1. School of Environment Resources and Tourism Management, Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455000, Henan, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China;
    3. College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, Hainan, China;
    4. Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan, China;
    5. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-03-07 Online:2020-04-10 Published:2020-06-10
  • Contact: Cheng Yeqing E-mail:34794249@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601177);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41661028);Project of Young Backbone Teachers in Colleges and Universities of Henan Province(2017GGJS127);Major Projects in the Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education(16JJD770021);The Research Project of the Human and Social Science of Henan Provincial Education Department(2020-ZDJH-007)

摘要:

以曲沟镇多期高清遥感影像、问卷访谈及大量一手数据为基础,综合运用参与式农村评估(PRA)、GIS空间分析及土地利用转型矩阵等方法,剖析了研究区1991-2017年“三生”空间格局演变及驱动因素,对引导其“三生”空间协调发展有重要的现实意义。结果显示:① 研究期内,以工矿用地为主的建设用地增量显著,总体呈现高速扩展、局部集聚及多样化发展态势;② 生产空间由农业为主转变为农业与工业两强并存,工业生产空间嵌入到农业生产空间中形成“马赛克”式格局;③ 生活空间演变呈现空间扩展与质量提升并存的趋势;④ 生态空间的变化则具备面积缩减与质量下降2个特征;⑤ 工业镇“三生”空间的演变过程,是乡村能人带动、产业结构演变、路径依赖累积、政府宏观调控及综合地理条件约束等内外因素综合作用的结果。

关键词: 土地利用, “三生”空间, 乡村重构, 曲沟镇

Abstract:

It is of great practical significance to explore the evolution of the pattern of land use in industrial towns and the motivations for guiding the coordinated development of their “production-living-ecology” space. Based on multi-phase high definition remote sensing image sensing imagery, questionnaire interviews, and a large amount of second-hand data from Qugou Town, a comprehensive analysis of the research area's use of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), spatial analysis of GIS, and transfer matrix of land use was conducted to analyze the rural space restructuring and transformation development in 1991-2017. The study found that: During the period of research, construction land with industrial and mining lands was significantly increased, showing a rapid development, local agglomeration and diversification in total; The production space changed from agriculture to agriculture and industry co-exist, production space of industry is embedded into the agricultural production space to form a “mosaic” pattern; The evolution of living space presents the trend of both spatial expansion and quality improvement coexistence; The change of ecological space has two characteristics of area reduction and quality decline; The evolution process of “production-living-ecology” space is the result of the combined effects of internal and external factors such as the driving of rural talents, the evolution of industrial structure, the accumulation of path dependence, the macro-control of the government, and the constraints of physical and geographical conditions. Industrial town is the typical mode of rural urbanization in China, as a lower level node in urban network, it has the characteristics of large quantity, variety of types, emphasis on development and less planning. The land uses has many challenges, such as extensive, inefficient and inadequate environmental protection, and these problems has already become the barrier to it’s development. The spatial evolution process, pattern and motivation of "production-living-ecology space" in town area revealed by multi-method comprehensive integration, not only can provide direct spatial pattern expression for relevant departments, it can provide guidance for its optimization of industrial distribution and scientific utilization of land resources. Then it can also provides some reference value for guiding the restructuring and sustainable development of rural space in industrial towns.

Key words: land use, production-living-ecology space, rural restructuring, Qugou Town

中图分类号: 

  • K902