地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 657-664.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.04.018

• 乡村地理学理论前沿探索专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江经济带开发区空间分布与产业集聚特征研究

唐承丽1, 陈伟杨1, 吴佳敏1, 周国华1,2, 王美霞1, 郭夏爽1   

  1. 1.湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,湖南 长沙 410081;
    2.湖南师范大学地理空间大数据挖掘与应用湖南省重点实验室,湖南 长沙 410081
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-20 出版日期:2020-04-10 发布日期:2020-06-10
  • 作者简介:唐承丽(1964-),女,湖南浏阳人,教授,博导,主要从事区域经济与开发区发展研究。E-mail:tclxy68@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371144);湖南省研究生科研创新项目(CX2015B132)

Spatial Distribution and Industrial Agglomeration Characteristics of Development Zones in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

Tang Chengli1, Chen Weiyang1, Wu Jiamin1, Zhou Guohua1,2, Wang Meixia1, Guo Xiashuang1   

  1. 1. College of Resource and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China;
    2. Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Geospatial Big Data Mining and Application, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China
  • Received:2019-03-20 Online:2020-04-10 Published:2020-06-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41371144);Postgraduate Research Innovation Project of Hunan Province(CX2015B132)

摘要:

采用最近邻指数、Ripley’s L 函数、核密度估计等方法分析长江经济带开发区的空间分布与产业集聚特征,结果表明:① 长江经济带开发区总体上呈东密西疏、东强西弱、东中西段分异的显著集聚分布特征;② 基于主导产业划分的各类开发区在空间上均为集聚分布,集聚强度和规模随距离的增加基本都呈“先增加后减小”的规律,集聚形态各异,主要有“单核心”“双核心”“多核心”3种;③ 长江经济带东段地区主要以装备制造、通信电子、汽车制造、新材料、生物医药等资本技术密集型产业集聚为主,中、西段地区则集聚了化学工业、金属加工、食品制造、纺织服装等资本与劳动密集型产业。要加强经济带上中下游开发区之间的多维良性互动,注重绿色发展、创新发展与结构优化,进一步提升其对长江经济带高质量发展的引领与支撑作用。

关键词: 开发区, 主导产业, 产业集聚, 长江经济带

Abstract:

Development zone is the spatial carrier and the growth pole of regional industrial agglomeration and development. Studying the spatial pattern and industrial agglomeration characteristics of the development zone is of vital importance to the layout optimization of the development zone, the industrial division and cooperation, and the high-quality development of the regional economy. In this article, the nearest neighbor index, Ripley's L function and kernel density estimation were adopted to analyze the spatial distribution and industrial agglomeration characteristics of development zones in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The results show that: 1) On the whole, the development zones of the Yangtze River Economic Belt show a distribution characteristic of remarkable agglomeration, which is characterized by ‘sparse in the east and dense in the west, the east strong west weak and differentiation in the east, the middle and the western region’; 2) The spatial distribution of various industry-oriented development zones is agglomeration, while its agglomeration intensity and scale are significantly different, showing the principle of ‘increased firstly and decreased later’; the cluster forms are different, mainly including three types: ‘single core’‘dual core’ and ‘multi-core’; 3) The eastern part of the Yangtze River Economic Belt mainly focuses on capital and technology-intensive industries such as equipment manufacturing, communication electronics, automobile manufacturing, new materials, biomedicine, while the central and western regions concentrate capital and labor intensive industries such as chemical industry, metal processing, food manufacturing, textile and clothing. 4) Great efforts are in need to strengthen the multi-dimensional and benign interaction between the mid- and lower-stream development zones in the economic belt, promote green development, innovation development and structural optimization, and further enhance its leading and supporting role in the high-quality development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

Key words: development zones, leading industry, industrial agglomeration, the Yangtze River Economic Belt

中图分类号: 

  • K901