地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (9): 1439-1449.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.09.005

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高铁网络对湖南区域经济协同发展影响

何天祥1(), 黄琳雅2   

  1. 1. 湖南工商大学旅游管理学院,湖南 长沙 410205
    2. 湖南工商大学经贸发展研究院,湖南 长沙 410205
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-15 出版日期:2020-09-10 发布日期:2020-12-05
  • 作者简介:何天祥(1969−),男,湖南桂阳人,教授,博士,主要从事区域经济、旅游经济研究。E-mail: 394022263@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(17JD47)、湖南省教育厅重点科研课题(18A298)、湖南省学位与研究生教育教改研究课题(湘教通[2018]505号)、湖南省研究生科研创新项目(CX20190892)资助

Impact of High-speed Rail Network on Regional Economic Coordinated Development in Hunan Province Based on Empirical Analysis

He Tianxiang1(), Huang Linya2   

  1. 1. Tourism Management School, Hunan University of Commerce, Changsha 410205, Hunan, China
    2. Academy for Economy and Trade Development Studies, Hunan University of Commerce, Changsha 410205, Hunan, China
  • Received:2019-07-15 Online:2020-09-10 Published:2020-12-05
  • Supported by:
    Philosophy and Social Science Fund Project of Hunan Province (17JD47), Key Program of Education Department of Hunan Province (18A298), Educational Reform Project of Degree and Postgraduate Education of Hunan Province (Xiang-Jiao-Tong[2018]505), Postgraduate Research Innovation Project of Hunan Province (CX20190892)

摘要:

基于2009—2017年湖南省13个地级市面板数据,运用耦合协调度测度湖南区域经济协同发展水平,采用社会网络分析(SNA)分析高铁网络演化特征,结合利用空间杜宾模型(SDM)检验湖南省高铁网络发展对区域经济协同发展的影响机理,结果表明:① 高铁时代湖南省区域经济空间关联性升高,协同发展水平稳步上升;② 湖南省高铁网络的逐渐优化对本地协同发展水平产生显著的正向直接效应,但对其他地区却存在负向的间接溢出效应;③ 高铁网络对区域间产业、市场、交通和创新等功能结构协同产生双重影响,形成了对区域经济协同发展的“双刃剑”特征,即高铁网络对本地的市场、产业、交通和创新等功能结构协同既存在显著正向促进作用,也存在负向溢出的马太效应,在促进网络中心度较高的城市发展的同时,也可能阻碍相对弱势的边缘城市发展。

关键词: 高铁网络, 区域经济协同, 空间杜宾模型, 湖南省

Abstract:

Significant changes have taken place in the regional development pattern in the era of high-speed rail. Based on the panel data of 13 prefecture-level cities in Hunan Province from 2009 to 2017, this paper uses the coupling coordination degree to measure the level of regional economic synergy, social network analysis (SNA) to analyze the evolution characteristics of the high-speed rail network, and Spatial Dubin Model (SDM) to test the influence mechanism of the development of Hunan's high-speed rail network to regional economic synergy. The results show: 1) In the era of high-speed rail, the spatial correlation of regional development increases in Hunan province, and the level of regional economic synergy rises steadily; 2) The gradual optimization of the high-speed rail network has a significantly direct positive effect on its own regional economic synergy, but an indirect negative spillover effect on other regions; 3) A “double-edged sword” feature of regional economic synergistic development has been produced due to the dual influences that the high-speed rail networks put on the structural coordination among interregional functions such as industry, market, transportation and innovation. In other words, we can say the high-speed rail networks has both positive and negative effects on those interregional functions which can also be explained by the Matthew effect. With the development of cities with high network centrality, the relatively disadvantaged ones on the edge may get the opposite result.

Key words: high-speed railway network, regional economic synergy, spatial spillover effects, Hunan Province

中图分类号: 

  • F061.5