地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (9): 1468-1475.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.09.008

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大理洱海旅游环境治理事件中的主体博弈与权益协商

孙九霞1(), 陈景1, 黄秀波2,*()   

  1. 1. 中山大学旅游学院/中山大学旅游休闲与社会发展研究中心,广东 广州 510275
    2. 广东财经大学地理与旅游学院,广东 广州 510320
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-09 出版日期:2020-09-10 发布日期:2020-12-05
  • 通讯作者: 黄秀波 E-mail:sunjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn;huangxb@gdufe.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:孙九霞(1969‒),女,山东寿光人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究旅游人类学、社区旅游、旅游与乡村发展。E-mail: sunjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDB118)、国家自然科学基金项目(41801126,41771160,41671134)资助

The Bargain Between Subjects and Rights Negotiation in the Tourism Environmental Governance Issue of Erhai in Dali, Yunan Province

Sun Jiuxia1(), Chen Jing1, Huang Xiubo2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management/Center for Tourism, Leisure and Social Development, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. School of Geography and Tourism, Guangdong University of Finance & Economics, Guangzhou 510320, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2019-10-09 Online:2020-09-10 Published:2020-12-05
  • Contact: Huang Xiubo E-mail:sunjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn;huangxb@gdufe.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation (15ZDB118), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41801126, 41771160, 41671134)

摘要:

以大理洱海环境治理事件为典型案例,基于半结构式访谈、观察法等质性方法,从环境正义视角切入分析洱海环境治理中的主体博弈与权益协商议题。研究发现,洱海的环境治理是一种以环境名义开展地社会治理与目的地管理过程,逐渐从治理水环境延伸至环境、民生、产业升级等多方面的综合治理;洱海治理隐含权力张力与利益冲突,本地村民、旅游经营者及地方基层政府三方基于合情、合理与合法性原则,围绕“情、理、法”逻辑进行利益博弈与协商;乡村旅游中的环境治理应置于乡村与社会治理框架体系下进行,关照民生与发展。环境正义理论可解释乡村旅游中的环境治理与冲突现象,为揭示环境治理背后的利益冲突与社会问题提供独特视角。

关键词: 环境治理, 环境正义, 乡村旅游, 权力博弈, 大理洱海

Abstract:

The relationships between human and nature, as well as development and environmental protection have become a major problem in the development of ethnic minority areas. Taking the Erhai Lake environmental governance issue in Dali,Yunan Province as a typical case, based on qualitative methods such as semi-structured interviews and observation methods, this paper analyzes the bargain between subjects and negotiation of rights in environmental governance of Erhai Lake from the perspective of environmental justice and power game. This research finds that, environmental governance of Erhai Lake is a process of social governance and destination management in the name of the environment, which gradually extends from water environment governance to comprehensive governance of environment, people’s livelihood and economic upgrading. Erhaigovernance implies power tension and conflicts of interest. Based on the principles of reasonableness, rationality and legality, local residents, tourism operators and local government play power games and negotiate interests according to the logic of ‘emotion, rationality and law’. Environmental governance in rural tourism should be carried out within the framework of rural and social governance to take care of people’s livelihood and development. The theory of environmental justice can be used to explain the phenomenon of environmental governance and conflicts in rural tourism, and also provides a unique perspective for revealing conflicts of interest and social issues behind environmental governance.

Key words: environmental governance, environmental justice, rural tourism, power game, Dali Erhai Lake