地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 1585-1592.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.10.001

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新冠肺炎疫情精准防控的时空间行为地理学研究框架

柴彦威1(), 许伟麟1,*(), 张文佳2, 李春江1, 李彦熙1   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院,广东 深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-26 出版日期:2020-10-10 发布日期:2020-12-05
  • 通讯作者: 许伟麟 E-mail:chyw@pku.edu.cn;willing393@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:柴彦威(1964−),男,甘肃会宁人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市社会与行为地理研究。E-mail: chyw@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    北京大学“新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎防控攻关专项”基金项目(7100602972)资助

A Research Framework of Precise Epidemic Prevention and Control from the Perspective of Space-time Behavioral Geography

Chai Yanwei1(), Xu Weilin1,*(), Zhang Wenjia2, Li Chunjiang1, Li Yanxi1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2020-04-26 Online:2020-10-10 Published:2020-12-05
  • Contact: Xu Weilin E-mail:chyw@pku.edu.cn;willing393@pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Peking University Foundation of the Prevention and Control of Novel Coronavirus (7100602972)

摘要:

面向新冠肺炎疫情精准防控的重大需求,时空间行为地理学可以发挥其独特的学科价值。以时间地理学、行为主义地理学、移动性地理学等时空间行为的地理学经典理论为基础,以时空路径表达、活动的复杂情境分析、风险感知地图分析为核心方法,以时空间行为风险评估、居民时空间行为规划与引导、心理情绪引导与智慧社区治理为重点应用方向,尝试搭建疫情精准防控的时空间行为地理学研究框架。未来时空间行为研究应该立足人本导向、流动性导向和应用导向,突出时空间行为地理学在城市规划、城市管理、居民服务等方面的应用价值。

关键词: 疫情精准防控, 时空间行为, 时间地理学, 行为地理学, 移动性地理学

Abstract:

The COVID-19 spread globally in 2020. Scholars in the field of geography and cognate disciplines have conducted COVID-19 research in order to mitigate the effects of this epidemic. However, within the growing number of geographical scholarship on COVID-19, little attention has been paid to the micro analysis of human behaviors. This paper argues that Space-time Behavioral Geography has great potential to play an significant role in epidemic prevention and control. It constructs a research framework of precise epidemic prevention and control from the perspective of Space-time Behavioral Geography. This framework integrates the classical theories of Space-time Behavioral Geography, including Time Geography, Behavioral Geography and Mobility Geography, with the approach of visualizing the space-time paths, the approach of visualizing the daily activities in complex contexts and the approach of analyzing risk perception map. This framework can be employed to assess the risk of space-time behaviors, to guide residents to optimize their space-time behaviors, to improve residents’ psychological health and smart-community governance. This paper calls for the study of space-time behavior in the future to follow the principles of people-oriented, mobility oriented and application-oriented, so as to highlight its application value in urban planning, urban management, residential services.

Key words: precise epidemic prevention and control, space-time behavior, Time Geography, Behavioral Geography, Mobility Geography

中图分类号: 

  • C912.8