地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 1627-1635.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.10.006

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城市的垂直流动:广州再领域化中的人地关系重构

陈浩然(), 安宁, 朱竑*()   

  1. 广州大学地理科学与遥感学院/华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心,广东 广州 510006
    广东省城市与移民研究中心,广东 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-13 出版日期:2020-10-10 发布日期:2020-12-05
  • 通讯作者: 朱竑 E-mail:chanhoyin@163.com;zhuhong@gzhu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈浩然(1994−),男,广东广州人,硕士研究生,主要从事社会文化地理和政治地理研究。E-mail: chanhoyin@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41630635,41701149,41971183,41901170)、广东省自然科学基金团队项目(2018B030312004)资助

Vertical Mobility of City: Reconstruction of Human-Environment System in Guangzhou’s Reterritorialization

Chen Haoran(), An Ning, Zhu Hong*()   

  1. School of Geography and Remote Sensing/Research Centre for Human Geography and Urban Development in Southern China, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    Guangdong Provincial Centre for Urban and Migration Studies, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2019-12-13 Online:2020-10-10 Published:2020-12-05
  • Contact: Zhu Hong E-mail:chanhoyin@163.com;zhuhong@gzhu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41630635, 41701149, 41971183, 41901170), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong (2018B030312004)

摘要:

流动性重塑了人地关系,地的再领域化过程可以视为一种跨阶层的垂直流动。20世纪80年代起,中国开始了撤县设区的行政区划调整,重塑了原有的城市行政结构体系。撤县设区是典型的城市的垂直流动过程。在这过程中,县城本地居民的身份政治,以及他们与县城、新城之间的关系亦随之改变。以广州为例,通过研究撤县设区中本地居民与领域空间的关系重构,进而探讨流动性背景下的人地关系变化。研究发现:对于本地居民而言,其身份政治在再领域化的过程中,从旧领域的多数群体转变为新领域的少数群体。这种转变导致本地居民排他策略的形成,并由此形成了新领域中的一个抵抗空间,重构了本地居民、旧领域和新领域之间的人地关系。研究城市的再领域化过程是对地理学探讨流动性的有效补充,有利于从地的视角更深入理解流动性的影响及意义。

关键词: 流动性, 人地关系, 再领域化, 撤县设区, 广州

Abstract:

Since the end of the 20th century, mobility has become a key issue in Geography, which reshapes the relationship between human and environment. However, the study of mobility ignores the place itself: the enclave can be regarded as the ‘horizontal mobility’ of the suzerain, and the process of cities’ reterritorialization can be regarded as ‘vertical mobility’. Since the 1980s, China begun to adjust administrative divisions by a county-to-district reform, which reshaping the original urban administrative structure. County-to-district reform is a typical vertical mobility of city. In that reform, the identity politics of local residents has altered a whole heap, and their relationship between county and new city has also changed. This article takes Guangzhou as a study case to learn the relationship between local residents and territory in the county-to-district reform, and then explores the alterations in human-environment system within the mobility theory. The study found that local residents’ identity politics has changed from a majority community in the original territory to a minority community in the new territory. In addition, this alteration has led to a formation of an exclusionary strategy for local residents and a residential space of resistance in the new territory, which reconstructed the relationship among local residents, original territory and new territory. The research on the process of cities’ reterritorialization is a supplement to the exploration of mobility in geography, which is conducive to a deeper understanding of the impact and significance of mobility from a geographical perspective.

Key words: mobility, human-environment system, reterritorialization, county-to-district reform, Guangzhou

中图分类号: 

  • K901.4