地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 1646-1653.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.10.008

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中国化工产业布局演变与影响机理研究

邹辉(), 段学军*()   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏 南京 210008
    中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,江苏 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 出版日期:2020-10-10 发布日期:2020-12-05
  • 通讯作者: 段学军 E-mail:hzou@niglas.ac.cn;xjduan@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:邹辉(1989−),男,湖北黄冈人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事产业地理与流域规划研究。E-mail: hzou@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901156)、中国科学院STS重点项目(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-011)、中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所科研启动项目(NIGLAS2019QD011)资助

Layout Evolution and Its Influence Mechanism of Chemical Industry in China

Zou Hui(), Duan Xuejun*()   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China
    Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Online:2020-10-10 Published:2020-12-05
  • Contact: Duan Xuejun E-mail:hzou@niglas.ac.cn;xjduan@niglas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41901156), STS Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (KFJ-STS-ZDTP-011), Project of Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (NIGLAS2019QD011)

摘要:

基于2003—2013年的企业数据,研究了中国化工产业及其行业空间布局演化、影响因素及机理。结果表明:① 化工企业呈现沿海?陇海线?沿长江的“π”字型分布格局,集中在长三角、珠三角、环渤海、长株潭等4个热点区,天津?淄博、上海?南京、广州?茂名等化工集聚区的双核结构凸显,布局演变呈分散化趋势;② 整体上高污染、低附加值的基础化工行业由沿海地区向中西部地区转移,反之相对精细高端的行业集中在沿海地区或在沿海地区内部转移;③ 整体上港口条件、市场需求、地理区位、环境规制的影响贡献呈现下降趋势,而资源条件、外商投资、科技投入等要素的贡献上升,不同行业影响程度和趋势存在差异。

关键词: 化工产业, 化工集聚区, 工业区位, 中国

Abstract:

Under the background of economic high quality development and ecological environment protection strategy, the spatial distribution of chemical industry which is the most representative polluting industrial sector has become the focuses of academic world even all walks of life. Based on the enterprise data from 2003 to 2013, this study analyzes the spatial evolution and its influencing mechanism of chemical industry in China. Chemical enterprises present distribution pattern like “π” shape which include coastal regions, Longhai Railway and regions along the Yangtze River. Chemical enterprises are concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta, the Bohai Rim, the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Regions and their peripheral regions. Major chemical cities show “dual-core structure” such as Tianjin-Zibo, Shanghai-Nanjing and Guangzhou-Maoming. Overall layout chemical industry presents diversification trend. Chemical industry sectors (i.e. coking, fertilizer, pesticide and explosive fireworks sectors) with high pollution and low added value are transferred from coastal areas to the central and western regions of China, whereas relatively sophisticated and high-end chemical industry sectors (i.e. refining, chemical raw material, coating, synthetic material, special chemical and daily chemical sectors) are concentrated in coastal areas or transferred among coastal areas. Factors analysis showed that the influence of port conditions, market demand, geographical location and environmental regulation presents downtrend contribution. On the contrary, the contribution of resource conditions, foreign investment and investment in science and technology reveal rising. It reflects the influence factors change of China’s chemical industry in the background of the global industrial restructuring, resource supply situation, environment protection strategy, and industry gradient transfer situation.

Key words: chemical industry, chemical industry cluster, industrial location, China

中图分类号: 

  • K902