地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 1803-1811.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.11.005

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泰中罗勇工业园“园中园”模式与效益评价

孟广文1,2,3(), 赵钏2,3, 周俊2,3,*(), 王艳红4, 王淑芳2,3, 杜明明5   

  1. 1.天津师范大学欧洲文明研究院,天津 300387
    2.天津师范大学地理与环境科学学院,天津 300387
    3.天津师范大学自由经济区研究所,天津 300387
    4.天津师范大学经济学院,天津 300387
    5.天津市北辰区华辰学校,天津 300400
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-05 修回日期:2020-02-24 出版日期:2020-11-10 发布日期:2020-11-10
  • 通讯作者: 周俊 E-mail:gwmeng2016@qq.com;simplegis@qq.com
  • 作者简介:孟广文(1960−),男,天津人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事自由经济区、经济地理、区域规划与政策、德国人文−经济地理研究。E-mail: gwmeng2016@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41571114,41971161,41701133)项目、天津市哲学社会科学智库一般项目(TJZK17-11)、天津师范大学跨学科交叉融合创新团队项目(135205RH08)资助

‘Sub-Zone’ Model and Benefit Evaluation of Thai-Chinese Rayong Industrial Zone

Meng Guangwen1,2,3(), Zhao Chuan2,3, Zhou Jun2,3,*(), Wang Yanhong4, Wang Shufang2,3, Du Mingming5   

  1. 1. Institute of European Civilization, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2. College of Geography and Environment Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    3. Institute of Free Economic Zone, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    4. School of Economics, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    5. Beichen Huachen School, Tianjin 300400, China
  • Received:2019-12-05 Revised:2020-02-24 Online:2020-11-10 Published:2020-11-10
  • Contact: Zhou Jun E-mail:gwmeng2016@qq.com;simplegis@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571114, 41971161, 41701133), Think Tank Project of Tianjin Philosophy and Social Science (TJZK17-11), Interdisciplinary Research Team of Tianjin Normal University (135205RH08)

摘要:

“一带一路”倡议为中国产能合作与产业升级提供了广阔的空间,而境外经贸合作区则是中国与一带一路沿线国家实现产能合作的有效平台。在总结中国境外经贸合作区发展特点基础上,利用中国对泰国直接投资流量与泰国GDP数据分析双边贸易和投资,从“园中园”开发模式、区位条件、服务环境及企业特征4个方面详细探讨泰中罗勇工业园的发展模式,并采用数据包络分析方法对近年来园区发展效率进行评价。研究结果显示:① 泰中罗勇工业园是中国企业赴泰国投资兴业的第一平台,也是中泰产能合作的有效载体;② 泰中罗勇工业园采用“园中园”开发模式,是中国海外园区一个有效的发展模式;③ 2012—2018年泰中罗勇工业园园区投入产出效率较高,园区效益较好,其中,2016和2018年投入产出效率最高;基于此,总结泰中罗勇工业园对中国境外经贸合作区建设的启示:“园中园”模式完善招商环境、提高投资效率,结合自身与东道国优势、构建合作区完整产业链,实现合作区本土化、促进东道国社会经济发展。

关键词: 一带一路, 海外园区, 境外经贸合作区, “园中园”模式, 泰中罗勇工业园

Abstract:

‘The Belt and Road Initiative’ provides a vast space for China’s production capacity cooperation and industrial upgrading, while the overseas economic and trade cooperation zone is an effective platform for capacity cooperation between China and the countries along the Belt and Road. On the basis of an overview of China’s overseas zones, this article uses China’s direct investment data in Thailand and Thailand’s GDP to analyze bilateral trade and investment. The development mode of Thai-Chinese Rayong Industrial Park is discussed in detail in 4 aspects: ‘Sub-Zone’ model, location, service environment, and enterprise char-acteristics. The data envelopment analysis method is used to evaluate the development efficiency of Chinese overseas zones in recent years. The research results show: 1) Thai-Chinese Rayong Industry Zone is the first platform for Chinese companies to invest in Thailand and an effective carrier for capacity cooperation between China and Thailand; 2) Thai-Chinese Rayong Industry Zone adopts the ‘Sub-Zones’ model, which is an effective model for Chinese overseas zones; 3) Thai-Chinese Rayong Industrial Zone has higher input-output efficiency and benefits from 2012 to 2018, especially in 2016 and 2018; Finally, the experience of Thai-Chinese Rayong Industrial Zone is discussed for benefiting other Chinese overseas Zones: the investment environment and efficiency can be improved by ‘Sub-Zone’ model, building a complete industrial chain by combines its own advantages with the host country, the localization of overseas zone for promoting socio-economic development of the host country. This research will contributes to the theoretical and practical research of BRI and Chinese overseas zones.

Key words: The Belt and Road Imitative, overseas zone, overseas economic and trade cooperation zone, sub-zone model, Thai-Chinese Rayong Industrial Zone

中图分类号: 

  • K092