地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 1-12.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.01.001

• •    下一篇

面向高质量发展的中国城市体检方法体系探讨

张文忠1,2(), 何炬1,2, 谌丽3   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源环境学院,北京 100190
    3.北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-02 修回日期:2020-12-17 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-03-04
  • 作者简介:张文忠(1966-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,研究员,博导,主要从事宜居城市、资源型城市和产业发展规划等方面的研究。E-mail: zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41871170);中国科学院美丽中国生态文明建设科技工程专项(XDA23100302)

Method System of Urban Physical Examination for High Quality Development in China

Zhang Wenzhong1,2(), He Ju1,2, Chen Li3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    3. College of Applied Arts and Science, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2020-12-02 Revised:2020-12-17 Online:2021-01-10 Published:2021-03-04
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871170);Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23100302)

摘要:

改革开放40 a来,中国的城市规划、建设和管理水平发生了质的改变,但快速城镇化所引发的城市问题日益突出。城市体检概念应运而生,并逐渐从国家战略落实到城市高质量发展的具体实践中。在梳理和解析城市体检背景及其作用的基础上,详细阐述城市体检指标设计的逻辑框架,梳理城市体检各指标间的关系,辨析不同尺度间城市体检的异同,提出中国城市体检的方法,旨在对中国城市体检提供理论依据。

关键词: 城市体检, 城市高质量发展, 城市病, 城市有机体

Abstract:

Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the urban planning, construction and management in China has undergone qualitative changes, but the urban problems caused by rapid urbanization are still increasingly prominent. The concept of urban physical examination arises at the historic moment and is gradually implemented from the national strategy to the concrete practice of urban high-quality development. On the basis of sorting out and analyzing the background and function of urban physical examination. This article starts from the core connotation of high-quality urban development in China, which is eco-livable, distinctive, diverse and inclusive, innovative, healthy and comfortable, safe and resilient, convenient transportation, clean and orderly. We design the index logical framework of urban physical examination from the above eight aspects and sorts out the relationship among various indicators of urban physical examination. Urban physical examination must be a ‘global physical examination’ rather than a ‘department physical examination’, so the urban physical examination has the dual function of ‘examination of general planning’ and ‘physical examination of a city’. The article points out that we should adopt the trinity of physical examination, third party physical examination and social satisfaction survey, and apply the closed-loop mode of ‘evaluation-feedback-governance’. It also analyzes the similarities and differences of urban physical examination in different scales, proposes the methods of urban physical examination in China. This article aims to provide theoretical guidance for urban physical examination in China and provide a research framework and scientific support for future urban physical examination research topics

Key words: urban physical examination, high quality urban development, urban disease, urban organism

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2