地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 100-108.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.01.011

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中国城市区域治理的尺度重构与尺度政治

张衔春1(), 胡国华2, 单卓然3,*(), 李禕4   

  1. 1.浙江大学公共管理学院,浙江 杭州 310012
    2.浙江省发展规划研究院,浙江 杭州 310012
    3.华中科技大学建筑与城市规划学院,湖北 武汉 430074
    4.河海大学公共管理学院,江苏 南京 211100
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-12 修回日期:2020-08-15 出版日期:2021-01-25 发布日期:2021-03-04
  • 通讯作者: 单卓然 E-mail:11_zhangxianchun@zju.edu.cn;hust_szr@sina.com
  • 作者简介:张衔春(1988-),男,安徽巢湖人,研究员,博士,主要从事城市与区域治理,国土空间规划与城市群空间规划,城市空间增长政策研究。E-mail: 11_zhangxianchun@zju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51708233)

Rescaling and Politics of Scale in China’s City-regional Governance

Zhang Xianchun1(), Hu Guohua2, Shan Zhuoran3,*(), Li Yi4   

  1. 1. School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310012, Zhejiang, China
    2. Zhejiang Development & Planning Institute, Hangzhou 310012, Zhejiang, China
    3. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China
    4. Institute of Public Administration, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2020-02-12 Revised:2020-08-15 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-04
  • Contact: Shan Zhuoran E-mail:11_zhangxianchun@zju.edu.cn;hust_szr@sina.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(51708233)

摘要:

系统回顾西方尺度理论,尤其是尺度生产(尺度重构与尺度政治)理论,借此阐释中国城市区域治理形成的尺度逻辑。研究发现,中国城市区域包括城市群与都市区2个地理尺度;治理尺度是以行政权力为核心,形成自上而下的行政权力金字塔;治理尺度的动态重配并与地理尺度相耦合的过程是中国城市区域治理的尺度建构的本质;改革开放后,中国宏观政治经济在“去中心化-再中心化”过程中持续动态调整;中国城市区域的产生是国家空间选择性的结果,来克服以城市为基础的资本积累模式的体制危机;城市群治理以柔性尺度重构为主,都市区治理以刚性尺度重构为主;城市区域内部产生复杂的多主体间的尺度博弈。

关键词: 尺度重构, 尺度政治, 城市区域, 治理

Abstract:

This article aims to systematically demonstrate the evolution and development of scale theory and its features in different periods. The perspective of scale theory is then used to elaborate the formation of city-regional governance in China. A conceptual framework is proposed in this article. Four major conclusions are presented as follows. First, the geographical scale of China’s city-region consists of two modalities, namely, metropolitan area and urban agglomeration. The governing scale of China’s city-region is essentially constituted by administrative powers, all of which made up a top-down power matrix. The restructuring of governing scale oriented geographical scale of city-region is the nature of rescaling of China’s city-regional governance. This restructuring process is central to understand the rationale of China’s city regional governance. Second, the macro socioeconomic development in China has manifested as the dynamic adjustment process between decentralization and recentralization. The rise of city-regional governance in China is the outcome of state spatial selectivity oriented city-regions to overcome the crises brought by the conventional city-based accumulation regime. Third, the governance of urban agglomeration is featured by the soft rescaling. Correspondingly, the governance of metropolitan area is characterized by rigid rescaling. This rigid rescaling has embodied as the reconfiguration of various jurisdictions oriented a new administrative relation. Last but not the least, there are complicated games between multiple actors at the city-region scale. To sum up, China’s city-regional governance reflects the changing political economy of regional development in post-reform era.

Key words: rescaling, scalar politics, city-region, governance

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9