地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 369-379.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.03.001

• •    下一篇

地方嵌入对在华外资企业出口市场多元化的影响

贺灿飞(), 任卓然   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    北京大学?林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-25 出版日期:2021-05-10 发布日期:2021-05-11
  • 作者简介:贺灿飞(1972−),男,江西永新人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理、产业与区域经济研究。E-mail:hecanfei@urban. pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731278)、国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41425001)资助

The Impact of Local Embeddedness on the Diversification of Export Market of Foreign-invested Enterprises in China

He Canfei(), Ren Zhuoran   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2019-09-25 Online:2021-05-10 Published:2021-05-11
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (41731278), National Natural Science Funds for Distinguished Young Scholar (41425001)

摘要:

外资企业通过直接出口和间接溢出效应对中国出口增长做出了巨大贡献。现有文献大多基于外资企业知识溢出研究其对本地出口和创新等方面的促进作用,较少关注外资企业自身的贸易活动。利用2000—2016年中国海关贸易数据库,在全球?地方互动视角下,搭建本地、目的国(地区)和本地?目的国(地区)联系三维度框架,重点关注外资企业地方嵌入对其出口市场多元化的影响。实证结果表明,在华外资企业地方嵌入对其出口市场多元化有促进作用。但由于外资企业贸易的特殊性,地方嵌入对其出口二元边际的作用不同。具体来说,地方嵌入对外资企业出口比较优势获取有显著促进作用,但对目的国(地区)拓展的促进作用仅局限在一般贸易,且主要发挥作用的是外资企业与当地的知识耦合。

关键词: 外资企业, 地方嵌入, 出口溢出, 出口市场多元化, 全球?地方互动

Abstract:

Foreign-invested enterprises (FIEs) have made great contributions to China’s export growth through direct exports and indirect spillover effects. Most of the literature focus on the role of FIEs in local exports and innovation based on knowledge spillover, while few studies focus on the trade activities of FIEs. From a global-local interaction perspective, this paper employs the data of the Chinese Customs in 2000-2016 to establish a three-dimension framework for local, destination, and local-destination interaction, examining the impact of the local embeddedness of FIEs on the diversification of FIEs’ export markets. In this paper, local embeddedness of FIEs is divided into three dimensions to explore its impacts on export expansion, namely, knowledge coupling, technology embeddedness, and other embeddedness. Descriptive analysis shows that the local embeddedness of FIEs in the eastern region is the highest, while that in the central region and in the western region is lower. Over time, the local embeddedness of FIEs in each region gradually increases. In addition, the number of new export destinations of FIEs in the eastern region is smaller than that in the central region and in the western region, but the number of countries which got comparative advantage is larger. The empirical results show that local embeddedness of FIEs in China has positive effects on the diversification of export markets. However, due to the trade particularity of FIEs, local embeddedness has different effects on the dual margin of exports. To be specific, local embeddedness plays a significant role in promoting comparative advantage of FIEs in exporting, but the promotion of the destination country’s expansion is restricted to general trade. Specifically, the knowledge coupling plays a major role in the promotion. Institutional distance and export spillover can promote the acquisition of comparative advantage of FIEs’ export, but they cannot promote the expansion of destination countries. This research helps FIEs in China to formulate localization strategy. On the one hand, FIEs have full motivation to initiative, strengthen their ties with local culture, society, and technology, and improve their coupling with local knowledge. On the other hand, the policy orientation should be shifted from direct cost incentives such as deductions and concessions to indirect policies, such as using industrial clusters to guide domestic and foreign enterprises in strengthening ties with each other. Besides, when formulating foreign trade policies, the government should fully consider the differences between general trade and processing trade, and develop specific trade policies.

Key words: foreign-invested enterprises, local embeddedness, export spillover, export market diversification, global-local interaction

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9