地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 481-492.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.03.013

• • 上一篇    

城市广场与人居环境的研究进展——基于CiteSpace软件的图谱量化分析

高家骥1,2,3(), 李松波3, 李雪铭3,*(), 杨俊3   

  1. 1. 大连工业大学艺术设计学院,辽宁 大连 116300
    2. 中央美术学院,北京 100000
    3. 辽宁师范大学地理科学学院,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-11 出版日期:2021-03-25 发布日期:2021-05-11
  • 通讯作者: 李雪铭 E-mail:18624287676@163.com;lixueming999@163.com
  • 作者简介:高家骥(1981−),男,内蒙古呼伦贝尔人,副教授,硕导,主要从事城市人居环境研究与城市公共艺术研究。E-mail: 18624287676@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671158、41771178)、教育部人文社科规划基金青年项目(18YJCZH035),辽宁省教育科学“十三五”规划课题(JG18DB063)资助

Review on City Square and Human Settlements Environment: A Quantitative Analysis Based on CiteSpace

Gao Jiaji1,2,3(), Li Songbo3, Li Xueming3,*(), Yang Jun3   

  1. 1. School of Art & Design, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116300, Liaoning, China
    2. Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing 100000, China
    3. School of Geography, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2020-01-11 Online:2021-03-25 Published:2021-05-11
  • Contact: Li Xueming E-mail:18624287676@163.com;lixueming999@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41671158, 41771178), Humanities and Social Sciences Research Program of the Ministry of Education (18YJCZH035), The 13th Five-year Plan of Education Science in Liaoning Province (JG18DB063)

摘要:

城市广场在现代城市开放空间体系中具有公共性、艺术性、活力性,是人们生活居住重要的休闲场所。文章使用CiteSpace信息可视化工具,梳理国内外研究内容,对Web of Science和CNKI数据库城市广场与城市人居环境重要文献进行关键词聚类分析,结合整理城市广场“人居环境”崭新视角。结果表明:① 城市广场的研究作为城市人居环境缩影,其发展结合城市地理学、心理学、建筑学和社会学不同角度,中美对其文章贡献量最大,但鲜有文章深入研究人居环境视角的城市广场;② 人居环境从景观环境、生态环境、艺术生活环境、社会发展环境不同要素对城市广场产生影响,其中高曝光度的关键词中以环境、居民满意度类别居多;③ 城市广场内外部“软”“硬”两种环境,对居民物质满足到精神汲取产生的作用不可忽视;④ 城市广场作为公共空间,其对人居环境影响研究热点的转变,均是对不同时期城市居民能够平等获取资源,享受健康、舒适、宜居生活的探索。

关键词: 城市广场, 人居环境, 休闲活动, 公共空间, CiteSpace

Abstract:

City squares arise from the needs of social life and serves for the needs of residents. In the course of urban development in China, a city square has become an important leisure place that integrates publicity, artistry, vitality and other characteristics. In this study, CiteSpace information visualization tool is used to sort out the related research contents of urban square and human settlement environment at home and abroad. Based on web of science and CNKI database, with the help of keyword clustering, network atlas and other methods, the important literature in this field is analyzed quantitatively. The results show that: 1) As the epitome of urban human settlement environment, the research of urban square combines the perspectives of urban geography, planning, psychology, architecture and sociology. Comparison of domestic and foreign research: China and the United States make the largest contribution to their articles, but few articles deeply study the city square from the perspective of human settlements; foreign studies pay more attention to the city square and environmental pollution, air quality and other contents, and at the same time, the management policy research is more targeted. 2) Compared with foreign related research that focuses on the scope of various settlements, the research on the human settlement environment in China is more extensive and pays more attention to politics and economics. Different elements of landscape environment, ecological environment, artistic living environment, and social development environment will all have an impact on city squares. Among the keywords with high exposure, environment and residents’ satisfaction are mostly the categories. 3) The external “hard” environment of urban square can meet the needs of residents’ social life through internal facilities and external space, while the “soft” environment can meet the spiritual needs of residents through cultural atmosphere edification and ideological concept transmission. Both internal and external “soft” and “hard” environments play an important role in residents’ material satisfaction and spiritual absorption. 4) As a public space, the planning foothold and final destination of city square are residents and their related activities. The utilization and satisfaction of residents to the city square largely determines the effectiveness of urban public space utilization, and further reflects the rationality of urban planning and square planning. The change of research focus on the impact of urban square on human settlement environment is affected by the degree of social development and the concept of urban planning in different periods. However, from the perspective of development direction, it is the exploration of equal access to resources and enjoyment of healthy, comfortable and livable life for urban residents in different periods. Based on the new perspective of urban square “human settlement environment”, this article systematically analyzes the development trend and frontier hot spots of urban square and human settlement environment, expands the research content in this field to a certain extent, and provides theoretical support for the construction of urban square and livable city.

Key words: city square, human settlements, leisure activities, public space, CiteSpace

中图分类号: 

  • K903