地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 493-503.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.03.014

• • 上一篇    

云南省旅游资源与生态安全协调发展的时空演化特征及障碍因子分析

赵书虹(), 白梦(), 阮梦枝, 钱海燕   

  1. 云南大学工商管理与旅游管理学院,云南 昆明 650500
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-17 出版日期:2021-03-25 发布日期:2021-05-11
  • 通讯作者: 白梦 E-mail:396342605@qq.com;2574083877@qq.com
  • 作者简介:赵书虹(1975−),女,云南昆明人,教授,硕导,主要从事旅游经济研究。E-mail: 396342605@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(20BJY208)资助

Spatio-temporal Evolution Characteristics and Obstacle Factors of Coordinated Development of Tourism Resources and Ecological Security in Yunnan Province

Zhao Shuhong(), Bai Meng(), Ruan Mengzhi, Qian Haiyan   

  1. Dean of School of Business and Tourism Management, Yunnan University, Kunming 650500, Yunnan, China
  • Received:2020-10-17 Online:2021-03-25 Published:2021-05-11
  • Contact: Bai Meng E-mail:396342605@qq.com;2574083877@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (20BJY208)

摘要:

自然、经济和社会构成的复合生态系统为旅游资源的赋存和开发提供条件,而丰富的旅游资源不仅能够促进旅游业发展,也为推动社会经济发展和自然环境保护提供了重要力量。运用线性加权法、耦合协调度模型和趋势分析等方法探究了云南省16个州市旅游资源与生态安全耦合协调发展现状及其障碍因子,研究发现:① 尽管云南87.50%的州市旅游资源与生态安全处于中度耦合协调发展阶段,两系统具有明显的耦合互动关系,但整体耦合协调发展趋于稳定,且呈现以昆明市为核心的“核心?边缘”结构,耦合协调发展水平仍需增强,空间分布格局有待完善。② 从局部演化特征来看,除滇中和滇东南旅游区,其余四大旅游区耦合协调度空间差异逐渐缩小,旅游业发展具有一定的“扩散效应”。③ 50%的州市旅游资源障碍度具有“组合度>品位度>类型>丰度”的特征,而生态安全障碍度层面,旅游发展和生态环境质量不高,旅游业和社会经济发展驱动力不足,生态安全响应机制不健全是影响两者耦合协调发展的主要因素。

关键词: 旅游资源, 生态安全, 耦合协调, 障碍因子

Abstract:

The complex ecosystem composed of nature, economy and society provides conditions for the existence and development of tourism resources. At the same time, rich tourism resources can not only promote the development of tourism, but also provide an important force for promoting economic development and natural environment protection. Using the methods of linear weight, coupling coordination degree model and trend analysis, this paper explores the current situation and obstacle factors of the coupling coordination development of tourism resources and ecological security in the sixteen areas of Yunnan Province. The results show that: ① Although 87.50% of the states and cities are in the stage of moderate coupling coordinated development of tourism resources and ecological security, the overall coupling coordinated development tends to be stable and presents a “core-periphery” structure with Kunming as the core. Thus, the coupling coordinated development needs to be improved. ② Except for the tourism areas in central and southeast Yunnan, the spatial differences of coupling coordinated development of the other four tourism areas are gradually narrowing from the local evolution characteristics, and the tourism development shows a certain “diffusion effect”. ③ The obstacle degree of 50% of the states and cities’ tourism resources have the characteristics of “combination degree > grade degree > type > abundance”. On the aspect of ecological security obstacle degree, the main factors that affect the coupling coordination development of the two systems are the low quality of tourism development and ecological environment, the insufficient driving force of tourism and socio-economic development, and the imperfect response mechanism of ecological security.

Key words: tourism resources, ecological security, coupling coordination, obstacle factors

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7