地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 513-521.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.03.016

• • 上一篇    

近邻景区的联动与溢出效应研究——以黄山、西递、宏村为例

余向洋1(), 张圆刚2,*(), 朱国兴1, 李德明1, 王娟1   

  1. 1. 黄山学院旅游学院,安徽 黄山 245021
    2. 上海师范大学旅游学院,上海 200000
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-13 出版日期:2021-03-25 发布日期:2021-05-11
  • 通讯作者: 张圆刚 E-mail:yxy417@163.com;634985206@qq.com
  • 作者简介:余向洋(1969−),男,安徽岳西人,博士,教授,主要从事旅游地理学研究。E-mail: yxy417@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571140)、安徽省社科规划项目(AHSKY2015D66)、安徽省高校 人文社科重点项目(SK2016A0884)、安徽省旅游局项目(AHLYZJ201615)资助

Relation and Spillover Effects of Neighboring Destinations: A Case Study of Huangshan, Xidi and Hongcun

Yu Xiangyang1(), Zhang Yuangang2,*(), Zhu Guoxing1, Li Dengming1, Wang Juan1   

  1. 1. Tourism Depentment of Huangshan University, Huangshan 245021, Anhui, China
    2. Institute of Tourism, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200000, China
  • Received:2020-01-13 Online:2021-03-25 Published:2021-05-11
  • Contact: Zhang Yuangang E-mail:yxy417@163.com;634985206@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571140), Anhui Social Science Planning Project (AHSKY2015D66), Key Projects of Humanities and Social Sciences in Anhui (SK2016A0884), Anhui Tourism Bureau Project (AHLYZJ201615)

摘要:

空间邻近性是地理学第一定律,近邻旅游地相互作用定量化研究对丰富旅游地理学理论与实践意义重大。以近邻旅游地黄山、西递和宏村作为案例地,在格兰杰因果分析的基础上,运用当前经济研究中使用极为广泛的DY溢出指数(Diebold & Yilmaz spillover index)分析近邻旅游地的溢出效应。结果表明:宏村和黄山、西递和黄山之间存在双向格兰杰因果关系,而西递和宏村之间仅有单向的因果关系。在溢出效应方面,存在黄山对西递、宏村的溢出正效应和西递对宏村的溢出正效应,与格兰杰因果分析具有一致性。溢出效应的时变特征呈现出更加复杂和丰富的特点。三大景区的溢出溢入均呈现出相互交错、相互补充的局面,没有一个景区出现单纯的全面正效应或负效应;重大事件的交叉溢出分析表明,“替代、互补”等结论不能全面体现和反映近邻旅游地相互作用的复杂动态过程,而是表现出你中有我,我中有你,相互渗透和纠缠的动态变化过程。

关键词: 近邻景区, 溢出效应, 格兰杰因果检验, DY溢出指数

Abstract:

Spatial proximity is considered to be the first law of Geography. However, there are few quantitative studies on the interactions in neighboring destinations. This article, taking the neighboring destinations Huangshan, Xidi and Hongcun as cases, explores the relation by Granger causality test, and analyzes the spillover effects of neighboring destinations using the widely used DY spillover index (Diebold & Yilmaz spillover index) in current economic research. The results are shown as follows: 1) There is a bidirectional Granger causality both between Hongcun, Xidi and Huangshan, and there is only unidirectional Granger causality between Xidi and Hongcun. 2) In terms of spillover effect, there are positive effects of Huangshan’s spillover on Xidi and Hongcun and the positive effect of Xidi’s spillover on Hongcun, which is consistent with Granger causality test. 3) The time-varying characteristics of the spillover effect are more complex and rich. The spillover effects of the 3 destinations show a situation of mutual intertwining and complementing, not any destination has produced positive or negative spillover effect; The cross-spillover analysis of events shows that the conclusions of “replacement and complementarity” cannot reflect the complex dynamic process of the interaction of neighboring destinations which is actually full of mutual penetration and entanglement. This article takes quantitative research on the interaction of neighboring destinations from the spillover perspective, and to some extent compensates for the lack of quantitative measurement of tourism interactions. However, in general, quantitatively empirical research is still weak compared with the qualitative research on the interactions of neighboring destinations, and needs to be further deepened.

Key words: neighboring destinations, spillover effects, Granger causality test, DY spillover index

中图分类号: 

  • F59