地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1039-1049.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.06.013

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镇域传统产业集群创新网络演进特征及形成机理——以安徽高沟镇电缆产业为例

李俊峰1(), 柏晶菁1, 王淑婧1,2   

  1. 1.安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241000
    2.山东工商学院国际商学院,山东 烟台 264000
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-09 修回日期:2020-08-12 接受日期:2020-08-12 出版日期:2021-06-10 发布日期:2021-08-13
  • 作者简介:李俊峰(1974-),男,安徽庐江人,教授,博导,主要从事城市地理和城市规划研究。E-mail: ljf2009@mail.ahnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41671164);国家自然科学基金(41801154);国家自然科学基金(41901193)

Evolution Characteristics and Formation Mechanism of Innovation Network of Township Cable Industry Cluster: A Case Study of Gaogou Town in Anhui

Li Junfeng1(), Bai Jingjing1, Wang Shujing1,2   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
    2. International Business College, Shandong Institute of Business and Technology, Yantai 264000, Shandong, China
  • Received:2020-05-09 Revised:2020-08-12 Accepted:2020-08-12 Online:2021-06-10 Published:2021-08-13
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671164);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801154);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901193)

摘要:

基于专利合作数据和实地调研数据,借助UCINET对安徽高沟镇电缆产业集群创新网络进行量化分析,揭示镇域传统产业集群创新网络的构成与演化特征,并运用多维邻近性理论探究其演化机理。研究表明:① 产业集群创新网络是由网络主体、网络联结和网络结构三大要素构成,要素之间相互联系、协同发展;② 镇域传统产业集群创新网络形成时间久,经历了初生期、结成期和发展期3个阶段,创新主体由单一转向多元、联结方式由非正式转向正式、联结强度由弱变强、联结结构由星型转向网状;③ 受地理位置、产业性质及经济基础的限制,地理邻近在镇域传统产业集群创新网络形成中具有重要作用;认知邻近存在滞后性,且其作用发挥一定程度上受到地理邻近制约;由于镇域传统产业集群自我创新能力较弱,创新网络对政府及合作组织的依赖性更强,制度邻近及组织邻近作用有待进一步凸显。

关键词: 创新网络, 多维邻近性, 电缆产业集群, 高沟镇

Abstract:

Due to the lack of advanced technology and talent innovation elements, the evolution process and formation mechanism of industrial cluster innovation network in underdeveloped areas vary a lot from those in economically developed areas. How to break through the bottleneck restrictions of talent and technology and how to scientifically build its innovation network become to be very critical in the process of high-quality transformation. In order to enrich the research content and paradigm of traditional industrial cluster innovation network, as well as provide a theoretical basis for local governments in underdeveloped areas to enhance the development of cluster innovation, this article takes Gaogou Town in Anhui Province, a national cable town in underdeveloped areas has been selected as a case, and takes the traditional cable industry cluster has been taken as the object for this research. Based on patent cooperation and field survey data, with the help of UCINET, a quantitative analysis of the innovation network of the Gaogou cable industry cluster is carried out in this article to reveal the composition and evolution characteristics of the innovation network, and to explore its evolution mechanism as well from the perspective of multidimensional proximity theory. The research shows that: 1) The innovation network of industrial clusters is composed of three major elements; network main body, network connection and network structure, which are interrelated and develop synergistically; 2) the innovation network of traditional industry cluster in towns area has been formed for a long time, and has experienced the initial stage, networking stage and development stage. During above the period, the innovation subject changed from single to diversified, the mode of connection turned from informal to formal, the strength of connection grew from weak to strong, and the connection structure developed from sporadic sites to network. 3) Due to the limitation of regional scope, industrial nature and economic foundation, geographical proximity plays an important role in the formation of innovation network of traditional industrial clusters in towns; Cognitive proximity is in backward state, and its function is restricted by spatial proximity to a certain extent; The self-innovation ability of traditional industries in towns is quite weak, and the innovation network mainly depends on the government and cooperative organizations, and the role of institutional proximity and organizational proximity needs to be further highlighted.

Key words: innovation network, multidimensional proximity, cable industry cluster, Gaogou town, Anhui

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9