地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1129-1138.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.07.003

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新型全球化与流动性背景下知识移民研究:议题与展望

马凌1,2(), 谢圆圆1, 袁振杰1,2,3   

  1. 1.广州大学地理科学与遥感学院,广东 广州 510006
    2.华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心/广东省移民与城市研究中心,广东 广州 510006
    3.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海),广东 珠海 519082
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-12 修回日期:2020-10-15 出版日期:2021-07-31 发布日期:2021-09-06
  • 作者简介:马凌(1977-),女,回族,湖南隆回人,副教授,硕导,主要从事社会文化地理与旅游地理研究。E-mail: maling@gzhu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971183);国家自然科学基金项目(42071183);国家自然科学基金项目(41630635);广东省自然科学基金面上项目(2020A1515010481);广东省自然科学基金面上项目(2019A1515012102)

A Review of Intellectual Migration Research Under the Background of Globalization and Mobility: Topics and Prospects

Ma Ling1,2(), Xie Yuanyuan1, Yuan Zhenjie1,2,3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Remote Sensing, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    2. The Research Center for Human Geography and Urban Development in Southern China, Guangdong Provincial Center for Urban and Migration Studies, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    3. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2020-08-12 Revised:2020-10-15 Online:2021-07-31 Published:2021-09-06
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971183);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071183);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630635);Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province General Program(2020A1515010481);Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province General Program(2019A1515012102)

摘要:

通过CiteSpace可视化分析和文献分析,重点评述当前国外地理学对知识移民研究的主要脉络和议题,发现:① 国外对于知识移民研究相对细化,早期主要是教育地理学对于青年知识留学生迁移的系统研究,以及经济地理学对于知识移民及知识转移与全球城市发展关系的系列研究;② 新世纪以来,社会文化地理和人口地理学者开始关注知识移民的跨国和跨地方流动,并对其过程中的身份认同与经济社会文化资本、跨地方关系网络、流动过程和特征等议题进行了探讨;③ 新型全球化尤其是全球南方国家经济崛起的背景下,知识移民与城市创新发展、以及回流移民(包括北南移民)现象越来越得到学者的重视,移民政策和移民-城市关系成为重要关注点。

关键词: 全球化, 流动, 知识移民, 城市

Abstract:

With the development of global knowledge economy, scholars has drawn more and more attention to intellectual migration in geography and world migration research. By adopting CiteSpace’s visual analysis on published articles from 1990 to 2019 among main geographical journals abroad, this study finds the key topics of intellectual migration in western academic journals, which include: 1) There are a couple of terms relating to intellectual migration in the literature. At the early stage, many research articles focus on the study of globalization and international students migration. In the meanwhile, there are a number of studies has been done on intellectual migration, knowledge transfer/circulation and urban/city development in economic geography; 2) Since the new century, scholars of socio-cultural geography have begun to pay attention to transnational and trans-local flow of intellectual migrants, and discussed the diverse topics such as tanslocal subjectivity, identity negotiation, social, cultural and intellectual capital, transnational spaces and everyday lives, transnational flow and translocal network; 3) With the economic rise of global south (especially five BRIC) countries, return migration of intellectual talents (global north to global south migration), innovation and urban development in developing countries has also been paid more and more attention by scholars in geography.

Key words: globalization, mobility, intellectual migration, city

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2