地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1178-1186.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.07.008

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中国省域创业生态系统动态协同效应研究

项国鹏1(), 高挺2,*()   

  1. 1.浙江工商大学旅游与城乡规划学院,浙江 杭州 310018
    2.浙江工商大学工商管理学院,浙江 杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-12 修回日期:2020-11-25 出版日期:2021-07-31 发布日期:2021-09-06
  • 通讯作者: 高挺 E-mail:xgp75@sina.com;gaoting0507@163.com
  • 作者简介:项国鹏(1975-),男,浙江富阳人,教授,博导,主要从事创业管理、战略管理研究。E-mail: xgp75@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71772161);浙江省软科学重点研究项目(2019C25021)

Dynamic Synergy of Provincial Entrepreneurial Ecosystem in China

Xiang Guopeng1(), Gao Ting2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism and Urban-Rural Planning, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China
    2. School of Business Administration, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2020-06-12 Revised:2020-11-25 Online:2021-07-31 Published:2021-09-06
  • Contact: Gao Ting E-mail:xgp75@sina.com;gaoting0507@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(71772161);Key Research Project of Soft Science in Zhejiang Province(2019C25021)

摘要:

以中国28个省(市、自治区)创业生态系统为研究单位,利用复合系统协同度模型定量评价2010—2017年省域创业生态系统动态协同效应。在此基础上,基于泰尔系数和差异系数法分析了省域间创业生态系统协同水平差异,并划分各省协同类型,揭示其时空演变特征,最后考察了省域创业生态系统协同对经济增长的影响。研究表明:① 研究期内中国省域创业生态系统协同水平先后经历波动下降、持续上升、再缓慢下降、上升过程,呈现出明显的“W”型演变趋势;② 中国各省域间创业生态系统协同水平差异明显,但差异程度呈下降趋势;③ 省域创业生态系统协同发展表现出明显的区域差异,呈现出东部-中部-西部三级阶梯递减的时空特征,且随着时间推移高协同水平区域会从东部向中西部演变;④ 省域创业生态系统协同能促进经济增长,且在市场化水平越高的省份中促进作用越明显。

关键词: 省域创业生态系统, 协同效应, 复合系统协同度模型, 经济增长

Abstract:

The synergy of entrepreneurial ecosystem is an important way to improve the entrepreneurial performance and efficiency of resource allocation, so as to promote economic growth of Provincial. The existing scholars’ research on entrepreneurial ecosystem mainly focuses on the connotation, components, characteristics, governance and boundary of entrepreneurial ecosystem. However, due to the complexity of the entrepreneurial ecosystem and the lack of scientific consensus caused by the excessive number of non-academic papers, the recent research mainly discusses questions from the theoretical perspective and have the same conclusion. At the same time, search data are difficult, and there are few studies on dynamic evolution and regional differences. In order to better explore provincial entrepreneurship ecosystem, the dynamic synergy of provincial entrepreneurial ecosystem in China is established in this study based on 28 provinces and cities in China from 2010 to 2017. Based on a comprehensive evaluation index system for the synergy development of provincial entrepreneurship ecosystem, and by using a composite system synergy degree model, the synergy evolution trend of China’s provincial entrepreneurial ecosystem from 2010 to 2017 is quantitively assessed. After this, by using the method of Theil coefficient and difference coefficient, this article analyzes the difference of entrepreneurial ecosystem synergy level among 28 provinces (not including Tibet, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) in China, and then, on the basis of the first step, we divides the types of synergy level among provinces. There are four types about the level. According to these types, in this article, the regular of spatial evolution is observed. The last steps, this article examines the impact of provincial entrepreneurial ecosystem synergy on economic growth. The results show that: 1) during the study period, the synergy level of entrepreneurial ecosystem in China has experienced a process of fluctuating decline, continuous rise, then slow decline and rise, and its evolution presents an obvious “W” type trend; 2) there are obvious differences in the level of entrepreneurial ecosystem synergy among provinces in China, and the degree of provincial synergy difference is generally on the decline; 3) provincial level of entrepreneurial ecosystem synergy is on the decline. The results show that there are obvious regional differences in the coordinated development of industrial ecosystem, which has a three-step decline law from the east to the central and western regions, but with the development of time, it presents the spatial characteristics of high-level regional evolution from the east to the midwest; 4) the provincial entrepreneurial ecosystem synergy has a positive effect on economic growth, and the higher the level of marketization, the stronger the promotion effect of provinces. Suggestions are finally presented in terms of further improving about the entrepreneurial ecosystem, and improve entrepreneurial vitality and promote economic growth as a result. It is of great significance to understand the dynamic evolution of entrepreneurial ecosystem, realize the organic and synergy development of regional entrepreneurship ecosystem, and promote regional economic development.

Key words: provincial entrepreneurship ecosystem, synergy effect, composite system synergism model, economic growth

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9