地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1303-1313.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.08.001

• 黄河流域城市高质量发展专栏 •    下一篇

高质量发展目标下黄河流域城市居民生活质量的时空格局及障碍因子

赵宏波(), 岳丽(), 刘雅馨, 董冠鹏, 苗长虹   

  1. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心暨黄河文明省部共建协同创新中心,河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-20 出版日期:2021-08-25 发布日期:2021-10-11
  • 通讯作者: 岳丽 E-mail:zhaohbhhwm@163.com;yueli19980831@163.com
  • 作者简介:赵宏波(1985−),男,河南长垣人,副教授,博导,主要从事经济地理与区域发展研究。E-mail: zhaohbhhwm@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501128,41430637)资助

Spatial-temporal Pattern and Obstacle Factors of Urban Residents' Quality of Life in the Yellow River Basin Under the Background of High-quality Development

Zhao Hongbo(), Yue Li(), Liu Yaxin, Dong Guanpeng, Miao Changhong   

  1. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization, Henan Province and Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2020-12-20 Online:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-11
  • Contact: Yue Li E-mail:zhaohbhhwm@163.com;yueli19980831@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41501128, 41430637)

摘要:

提高居民生活质量是实现黄河流域高质量发展的重要目标和具体体现。从居民生活、基础设施、公共服务、生态环境4个方面构建城市居民生活质量评价指标体系,测度2004―2018年黄河流域城市居民生活质量水平,利用核密度估计、ESDA、Dagum基尼系数等方法进行居民生活质量时空格局分析及空间差异测度,并运用障碍因子诊断模型分析影响居民生活质量水平的障碍因子,得出如下结论:① 2004―2018年黄河流域城市居民生活质量高水平区域从下游城市逐渐转移到中上游城市;② 黄河流域城市居民生活质量高?高集聚区主要是内蒙古自治区及相邻区域的城市,低?低集聚区主要是河南省、山东省以及山西省的部分城市;③ 黄河流域城市居民生活质量水平的空间差异从上中下游尺度看主要是区域间净值差异贡献,从左右岸尺度看主要是区域内部差异贡献;④ 黄河流域城市居民生活质量水平的障碍因子主要是人均水资源量、移动电话年末用户数、每万人公园绿地面积、教育支出占财政支出比重、每万人拥有的道路面积与人均可支配收入等,因此在未来的高质量发展中要注重生态环境保护,特别是合理利用水资源,完善城市基础设施与提升公共服务水平。

关键词: 城市居民生活质量, Dagum基尼系数, 障碍因子, 黄河流域

Abstract:

Improving urban residents’ quality of life is an important goal and concrete embodiment of achieving high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin.This article constructs an evaluation index system of urban residents of quality of life from 4 aspects (residents’ life, infrastructure, public service and ecological environment), and measures the level of urban residents’ quality of life in the Yellow River Basin in 2004-2018. The kernel density estimation, ESDA and Dagum Gini coefficient are used to analyze the spatial and temporal pattern of residents’quality of life and measured the spatial difference. The obstacle factor diagnosis model is used to analyse the obstacle factors of residents’ quality of life. The conclusions are as follows: 1) From 2004 to 2018, the areas with high quality of life of urban residents in the Yellow River basin gradually transferred from the lower reaches to the middle and upper reaches; 2) The H-H agglomeration areas of urban residents’quality of life in the Yellow River Basin are mainly in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and the L-L agglomeration areas are mainly in Henan Province, Shandong Province and Shanxi Province; 3) The spatial difference of the quality of life of urban residents in the Yellow River Basin is mainly the contribution of the net value difference between regions from the upper, middle and lower scales, and the contribution of the regional difference from the left and right bank scales; 4) The obstacles to urban residents’ quality of life in the Yellow River Basin are mainly the amount of water resources per capita, the number of mobile phone users at the end of the year, the area of parks and green space per 10 000 persons, the proportion of education expenditure in fiscal expenditure, the road area per 10 000 persons, and the per capita disposable income, etc. Therefore, we must pay attention to the ecological environment protection, especially the rational utilization of water resources, improvement of urban infrastructure and public service levels in the future high-quality development.

Key words: urban residents' quality of life, Dagum Gini coefficient, obstacle factor, the Yellow River Basin

中图分类号: 

  • C912.81