地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1354-1363.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.08.006

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城市人口与服务业空间协同的多维机制——以福建省为例

刘钰1,2(), 李登辉3, 余卓芮2,4, 张浩5, 王振波6, 刘岱宁2,*()   

  1. 1. 河南大学土木建筑学院,河南 开封 475003
    2. 河南大学中原发展研究院,河南 开封 475003
    3. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心,河南 开封 475003
    4. 澳门城市大学创新设计学院,中国 澳门 999078
    5. 复旦大学环境科学与工程系,上海 200433
    6. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-29 出版日期:2021-08-25 发布日期:2021-10-11
  • 通讯作者: 刘岱宁 E-mail:microly@126.com;danis1985@163.com
  • 作者简介:刘钰(1982−),男,河北石家庄人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为区域空间规划。E-mail: microly@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401183)、河南大学省属高校基本科研业务费专项资金(0000A40454)资助

Multidimensional Mechanism of Spatial Coordination Between Urban Population and Service Industry: A Case of Fujian Province

Liu Yu1,2(), Li Denghui3, Yu Zhuorui2,4, Zhang Hao5, Wang Zhenbo6, Liu Daining2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Henan University, Kaifeng 475003, Henan, China
    2. Research Institute for Development in the Central Plains Region, Henan University, Kaifeng 475003, Henan, China
    3. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475003, Henan, China
    4. Faculty of Innovation and Design, City University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
    5. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    6. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-06-29 Online:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-11
  • Contact: Liu Daining E-mail:microly@126.com;danis1985@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41401183), Fundamental Research Funds for the Provincial Universities of Henan University (0000A40454)

摘要:

采用Hoover系数、空间聚集指数、重心模型、空间耦合指数以及面板数据回归模型,对1995—2015年福建省城市人口与服务业的空间协同机制进行了分析。结果表明:① 城市人口与服务业都有向中心城市集中的特征,服务业的空间集中度高于城市人口。② 城市人口与服务业都有向中心城市周边聚集的趋势,而且服务业的聚集度更强。③ 空间重心轨迹显示两者在东西方向上存在错位,服务业的分布更偏向东部沿海。④ 两者的空间耦合指数呈现持续上升的时序演化特征、由东部沿海向西部内陆逐步升高的空间梯度格局。⑤ 回归模型显示,城镇职工收入、农民收入、建设用地规模和固定资产投资是两者空间协同的重要影响因素。

关键词: 城市人口, 服务业, 空间协同, 多维机制, 福建

Abstract:

The coordination development of urban population and service industry is vitally important for the deepening of urbanization and the improvement of regional competitiveness. However, the mechanism of the spatial coordination between them remains less studied, especially at the regional scale. This study hackled the theories of the spatial coordination between urban population and service in multiple spatial dimensions and conducted an empirical research, taking Fujian Province as the study case. Results showed that: 1) In spatial concentration dimension, Hoover coefficient demonstrated that both of them concentrated in the central city and the service industry concentrated higher. This can be attributable to the advantages of central cities in labor quality and age structure. 2) In spatial agglomeration dimension, spatial agglomeration index showed that both of them gathered around the central cities and the service industry gathered more densely, which reflected the spillover effect of service industry from central cities. 3) In spatial mismatch dimension, the trajectories of the gravity center revealed that, comparing with urban population, service industry is more inclined to the East Coast. This indicated that the eastern coastal area had location advantages in the development of service industry. 4) In spatial coupling dimension, the spatial coupling degree exhibited an upward trend in the process of evolution over time, and a gradual rise from the east coast to the west inland in the spatial pattern. 5) Panel data regression model presented that urban workers’ income, farmers’ income, construction land and fixed asset investment were the driving forces of the spatial coordination between urban population and service industry. At last, this study put forward some policy suggestions for the coordinated development of urban population and service industry in Fujian Province.

Key words: urban population, service industry, spatial coordination, multidimensional mechanism, Fujian Province

中图分类号: 

  • F293.1