地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1697-1705.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.10.002

• 城市体检专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市体检:空间治理机制、方法、技术的新响应

石晓冬(), 杨明, 王吉力   

  1. 北京市城市规划设计研究院,北京 100045
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-04 修回日期:2021-09-01 出版日期:2021-10-25 发布日期:2021-12-08
  • 作者简介:石晓冬(1970−),男,天津人,教授级高级工程师,主要从事城市规划编制、实施、管理和空间治理等相关研究。E-mail: shixdd@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51878052);国家自然科学基金项目(52078008)

City Health Examination: New Response of Spatial Governance in Pattern, Methodology and Technology

Shi Xiaodong(), Yang Ming, Wang Jili   

  1. Beijing Municipal Institute of City Planning and Design, Beijing 100045, China
  • Received:2021-06-04 Revised:2021-09-01 Online:2021-10-25 Published:2021-12-08
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(51878052);National Natural Science Foundation of China(52078008)

摘要:

城市体检评估是促进空间治理体系和治理能力现代化水平全面提升的重要政策工具,有助于落实国家发展战略意志、提高城市综合治理水平、有效回应人民美好生活需要。总结北京已开展的体检评估实践经验,提出城市体检评估从机制、方法、技术3个维度对空间治理优化提供了新响应。机制维度,注重建章立制,形成了“监测?诊断?预警?维护”的城市体检闭环工作体系、“自评估+第三方评估+公众参与”相结合的工作模式、综合多源数据的常态化数据获取渠道,面向不同关注重点,强化体检评估结论严肃性权威性。方法维度,围绕指标体检、任务体检、领域体检3个方面建立成果体系,与总体规划统筹实施机制流程上下衔接。技术维度,积极运用多维度多层次、全要素多主体、重思辨可验证的诊断思路,不断深化城市体检评估多维诊断分析关键技术。

关键词: 城市体检, 城市发展总体规划, 城市空间治理, 高质量发展, 北京

Abstract:

City health examination is an important policy tool to promote the improvement of spatial governance system and governance capacity. It will help to implement national development strategy, improve the level of comprehensive urban governance, and effectively respond to the needs of people’s better life. This article summarizes the experience of Beijing, holds that city health examination provides a new way of response to the improvement of spatial governance from 3 dimensions: pattern, method and technology. Pattern dimension, focusing on the establishment of regulations, has formed a closed-loop work system, a working mode contains self-evaluation, third-party-evaluation and public participation, an normalized data acquisition system, which strengthens the seriousness and authority of health examination evaluation. Methodology dimension, the research system focuses on index, task and different important issues, which is connected with the overall planning implementation mechanism process. Technology dimension, with the actively use of a multi-dimensional, multi-level, all-factor, multi-agent, speculative and verifiable diagnostic ideas, Beijing’s work constantly deepens the key technologies of city health examination. In order to optimize spatial governance, we should continuously improve the city health examination practice, including continuously strengthening its ability in institutionalization, simplification, standardization and automation. First, we should continuously improve multidimensional data acquisition and monitoring. On the basis of continuing the collection of 117 core indicators in the master plan, the evaluation should meet the requirements of the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development for city health examination, and integrate the relevant index system into the platform. Second, we should further focus on key issues and annual key variables in urban development. “Annual health examination and five-year evaluation” has established the periodicity of work, focusing on different work priorities and forming an organic combination. Third, we should improve the intelligent analysis platform of city health examination. Focusing on the needs of supporting the whole cycle of city health examination in Beijing, an analysis platform with multi-dimensional monitoring, automatic operation and decision-making needs has been established. In the next step, we should continue to improve the construction and application of the platform, and promote more accurate response of the platform and decision-making needs.

Key words: city health examination, urban master plan, urban spatial governance, high quality development, Beijing

中图分类号: 

  • TU984