地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1718-1728.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.10.004

• 城市体检专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市体检视角下城市治理现代化的新机制与路径

詹美旭1,2(), 刘倩倩3,4,5,*(), 黄旭3,4,5, 李琬6, 王建军1,2   

  1. 1.广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院,广东 广州 510060
    2.广东省城市感知与监测预警企业重点实验室,广东 广州 510060
    3.南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
    4.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,江苏 南京 210023
    5.南京师范大学虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210023
    6.华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-21 修回日期:2021-09-15 出版日期:2021-10-25 发布日期:2021-12-08
  • 通讯作者: 刘倩倩 E-mail:147683167@qq.com;09430@njnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:詹美旭 (1983−),男,江西九江人,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事国土空间规划、城市体检、城市更新等研究。E-mail: 147683167@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42101194);广东省城市感知与监测预警企业重点实验室基金项目(2020B121202019);广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院科技基金项目(RDI2210202155);中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室开放基金;江苏省双创博士基金项目

New Mechanisms and Approaches for Modernizing Urban Governance from the Perspective of City Health Examination

Zhan Meixu1,2(), Liu Qianqian3,4,5,*(), Huang Xu3,4,5, Li Wan6, Wang Jianjun1,2   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Urban Planning & Design Survey Research Institute, Guangzhou 510060, Guangdong, China
    2. Guangdong Enterprise Key Laboratory for Urban Sensing, Monitoring and Early Warning, Guangzhou 510060, Guangdong, China
    3. School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    4. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    5. Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    6. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2021-07-21 Revised:2021-09-15 Online:2021-10-25 Published:2021-12-08
  • Contact: Liu Qianqian E-mail:147683167@qq.com;09430@njnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42101194);Guangdong Enterprise Key Laboratory for Urban Sensing, Monitoring and Early Warning(2020B121202019);The Science and Technology Foundation of Guangzhou Urban Planning & Design Survey Research Institute(RDI2210202155);Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences;Jiangsu Dual-Innovation Doctoral Funding

摘要:

首先探索了城市体检治理的新模式,明确了涵盖“市?区?镇街?社区”不同尺度行政主体纵向传导、横向联动的规范化城市体检组织模式。其次,基于“指标设计?征求意见?指标筛选?指标确认”4个步骤完善城市体检指标体系,提出了数据收集的标准化、模块化工作思路。再次,城市体检的指标评价应坚持多维度、差异性、定量定性相结合等原则,以六维分析法为基础对城市问题进行识别与诊断。另外,城市体检的公众参与过程需要充分体现市民的知情权、参与权和监督权。城市政府需要搭建市民深度参与的常态化、共治型治理平台,各部门需要以问题为导向,开展协同式、全周期系统治理,最终推动建立全社会共建共治共享的常态化工作机制。

关键词: 城市体检, 多元共治, 空间治理机制, 六维分析法

Abstract:

As a new form of urban governance, city health examination is a product of the spatial and temporal evolution of social conflicts in an open and complex system. It uses the technical method of ‘problem diagnosis’ to evaluate and dynamically monitor the current state of urban development, and has become a grip for China’s urban planning and construction management and a platform for mobilizing public participation in urban construction. At present, the research and practice related to city health examination is still weak, and there are still problems such as inadequate understanding of the connotation, insufficient social participation, unstable indicator system, inaccurate problem diagnosis, lack of in-depth problem management and imperfect long-term mechanism. In response to these problems, this article examines new mechanisms and ways to achieve urban governance, starting from governance relationships, governance systems and governance techniques, and taking Guangzhou as a case study. It first explores a new model of city health examination governance, and specifies a standardized organizational model of city health examination that covers the vertical transmission and horizontal linkage of administrative bodies at 4 levels: ‘city→district→town/street→community’. Based on this organizational model, this article constructs a governance framework in which administrative forces lead, social forces participate, and urban self-governance forces are stimulated. Secondly, this article proposes a four-step process of ‘indicator design→consultation→selection of indicators→confirmation of indicators’ to improve the city health examination indicator system, and proposes a standardized and modularized approach to data collection. In particular, the evaluation of indicators in the city health examination should adhere to the principles of multidimensionality, variability and the combination of quantitative and qualitative aspects, and use the six-dimensional analysis method as the basis for identifying and diagnosing urban problems. On the premise of scientifically and reasonably classifying the types of urban problems, the city health examination can help to prescribe the right remedy for urban problems and apply precise measures. In addition, the public participation process of the city health examination needs to fully reflect the citizens’ right to information, participation and supervision. This is demonstrated by the need for the city government to build a regular, shared governance platform with in-depth citizen participation; the need for problem-oriented, collaborative, full-cycle systemic governance by various departments; and the promotion of a regular working mechanism for the whole society to build and share common governance. Overall, the city check-up thus reflects a high degree of consensus on governance goals, efficient and interactive governance, and optimal system construction and use capabilities, and is an important sign of modernized governance capacity.

Key words: city health examination, government-citizen collaboration, spatial governance mechanism, six-dimensional approach

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2