地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 1897-1906.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.11.003

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“城市-景区”双驱动型乡村发展:路径选择及其动态演化过程

刘鲁1(), 吴必虎2   

  1. 1.北京联合大学旅游学院,北京 100101
    2.北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-01 修回日期:2021-07-06 出版日期:2021-11-10 发布日期:2022-01-24
  • 作者简介:刘鲁(1984-),女,四川中江人,博士,研究方向为乡村旅游。E-mail: pkushirley@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42001168);国家自然科学基金项目(41871138)

Rural Development About Urban-Scenic Dual-Drive Village: Path Choice and Dynamic Evolution Process

Liu Lu1(), Wu Bihu2   

  1. 1. Institute of Tourism, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Urban and Environment Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2021-03-01 Revised:2021-07-06 Online:2021-11-10 Published:2022-01-24
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001168);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871138)

摘要:

城市溢出和景区辐射是乡村发展的重要力量,已有研究对城市周边和景区附近区位下“城市-景区”双驱动乡村的发展路径探索较少。以北京市怀柔区慕田峪村、北沟村、田仙峪村和辛营村4个行政村共同组成的“长城国际文化村”为案例地,探索城市和景区双重优势驱动下的乡村发展路径选择及其动态演化过程。研究发现:① 城市、景区和乡村自身等多元力量共同驱动乡村发展,继而导致其发展路径呈现出非线性、多元化的演变特征;② “城市-景区”双驱动型乡村的发展路径可分为“景区主导-城市辅助”“城市-景区并重驱动”“城市主导-景区辅助”和“城市-景区双重弱驱动”4种类型;③ “城市-景区”双驱型乡村发展竞争性路径随着城乡、景乡间要素的差异化集聚引发了乡村产业结构变动及区域空间格局演化。

关键词: “城市-景区”双驱动, 乡村发展, 城市溢出, 景区辐射, 长城国际文化村

Abstract:

The urban overflow and scenic transformation are important forces for rural development. There have been few studies on the development path of ‘city-scenic’ dual-driven rural development in the surrounding areas of cities and scenic spots. In this paper, four administrative villages in the ‘Great Wall International Cultural Villages’ in the Huairou District in Beijing were selected as the sites for the case study, including Mutianyu Village, Tianxianyu Village, Beigou Village, and Xinying Village. to explore the path selection and dynamic evolution process of rural development under the dual advantages of cities and scenic spots. The results are as fellows: first, the multiple forces of cities, scenic spots and villages jointly drive the development and evolution of rural development path, presenting a non-linear and diverse characteristic. The development of these villages within the same area differentiates into different dynamic transformation process. It also forms a development path of regional differentiation. Secondly, urban-scenic dual-drive rural development paths are roughly classified into four modes: urban-led development path, scenic-led development path, dual-led development path, and marginal development path. Urban-rural relationship and industrial structure under different paths show significant differences. Third, the competitive path of ‘city-scenic’ dual-drive rural development has led to changes in the rural industrial structure and the evolution of regional spatial patterns along with the differentiated agglomeration of urban, rural, and scenic rural elements. The study helps to reveal the multi-path system of ‘city-scenic’ dual-driven rural development, and provides strategic plans for optimizing the path practice of rural development.

Key words: urban-scenic dual-drive village, rural development, urban overflow, scenic transformation, Great Wall International Cultural Villages

中图分类号: 

  • K129.9