地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 2087-2095.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.12.002

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收缩城市住房空置时空分异及影响机制——基于居民用电量视角

刘艳军(), 张艺宁, 孙宏日, 付慧   

  1. 东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-20 修回日期:2020-11-12 出版日期:2021-12-25 发布日期:2022-02-17
  • 作者简介:刘艳军(1981−),男,吉林镇赉人,教授,博导,主要从事城市地理、经济地理研究。E-mail: liuyj323@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771172);国家自然科学基金项目(42171191);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2412020XK002)

Spatial-temporal Differentiation and Influence Mechanism of Housing Vacancy in Shrinking Cities: Based on the Perspective of Residential Electricity Consumption

Liu Yanjun(), Zhang Yining, Sun Hongri, Fu Hui   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2020-08-20 Revised:2020-11-12 Online:2021-12-25 Published:2022-02-17
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771172);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171191);The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2412020XK002)

摘要:

以中国典型的资源型收缩城市——伊春市的伊春区为研究对象,从居民用电量视角对住房空置情况进行判定,同时综合运用核密度估计、网络分析以及问卷访谈等方法,基于区域、居住区、格网3种尺度,对2013—2018年住房空置时空分异格局及影响机制进行深入探究。结果表明:① 伊春区空置住房总量和空置率总体表现为波动上升态势,在国际通行标准下处于“供需基本平衡”状态;② 伊春区住房空置格局在区域尺度、居住区尺度、格网尺度等不同尺度下表现出一定差异性,但各尺度均总体呈现“核心?边缘”的空间分布特点;③ 人口流失、经济支撑、城市功能地位以及居民感知等因素影响伊春区住房空置时序演变,而城市空间开发扩展、住区建设演变、教育医疗设施布局、公共交通可达性等因素共同作用于住房空置的空间分异。

关键词: 收缩城市, 住房空置, 空置率, 居民用电量, 伊春市伊春区

Abstract:

Housing vacancy is one of the key areas of urban spatial evolution and sustainable development. This study takes a typical resource-based shrinking city in China, Yichun City, as the research object, determines the laws of housing vacancy based on the perspective of residential electricity consumption. Based on the three scales of region, residential area and grid, we uses the methods of kernel density estimation, network analysis and questionnaire interview, to deeply explore the spatial-temporal differentiation and influence mechanism of housing vacancy from 2013 to 2018. The results show that: 1) The total amount of vacant housing and vacancy rate in Yichun District show a fluctuating upward trend, and are in the state of ‘basic balance of supply and demand’ under the international standard. 2) The pattern of vacant housing in Yichun District is different in different scales. However, the spatial distribution features of ‘low in the core and high in the periphery’ are generally presented at all scales. 3) Factors such as population loss, economic support, urban functional status and residents’ perceptions synergistically affect the temporal evolution of vacant housing in Yichun District, while factors such as urban spatial expansion, residential construction evolution, educational and medical facilities layout, and public transport accessibility jointly affect the spatial differentiation of vacant housing.

Key words: shrinking city, housing vacancy, vacancy rate, residential electricity consumption, Yichun District of Yichun City

中图分类号: 

  • K901