地理科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 874-884.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2022.05.013

• 青藏高原环境变化与人类活动专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游开发背景下传统村落功能演变的过程与机制——以黄山市西溪南村为例

陆林(), 陈慧峰, 符琳蓉   

  1. 安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241000
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-28 修回日期:2021-10-09 接受日期:2022-04-10 出版日期:2022-05-10 发布日期:2022-07-11
  • 作者简介:陆林(1962−),男,安徽芜湖人,博士,教授,博导,研究方向为旅游管理与旅游地理。E-mail: llin@263.net
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省社会科学重大投标项目资助(AHSKZD2019D03)

Process and Mechanism of Function Evolution of Traditional Villages Under the Background of Tourism Development: A Case Study of Xixinan Village, Huangshan City

Lu lin(), Chen Huifeng, Fu Linrong   

  1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China
  • Received:2021-06-28 Revised:2021-10-09 Accepted:2022-04-10 Online:2022-05-10 Published:2022-07-11
  • Supported by:
    Anhui Provincial Social Science Major Bidding Project(AHSKZD2019D03)

摘要:

以黄山市传统村落西溪南村为例,通过对多元利益主体进行深度访谈,运用扎根理论方法从微观视角探索乡村功能演变的过程与机制。研究发现,西溪南村发展规划明晰,乡村旅游业形态丰富,乡村多元功能价值体系日益凸显。西溪南村乡村功能演变是地方政府、外来旅游企业、外来民宿投资者、本地居民与游客等多方利益主体协作共生的必然结果。政府政策引导是促进由内而外要素流动、乡村多功能转型的基础保障,外来旅游企业是推动西溪南村旅游开发经营的主导力量,外来民宿投资者是建构乡村民宿与生态空间、引领乡风文明实践的关键先驱,本地居民是填补细分市场、实现居业协同的重要践行者,各利益主体间的协作共生推动西溪南村乡村功能发展演变。

关键词: 旅游发展, 传统村落, 乡村功能演变, 西溪南村

Abstract:

Tourism development is an important path to guide the transformation of rural functions and realize rural revitalization. Taking Xixinan Village, a traditional village in Huangshan City, as an example, the study applied in-depth interviews with government employees, exterior tourism companies, exterior homestay investors, local residents, and tourists to explore the process and evolution mechanism of rural functions from a micro perspective. It was found that the rural function evolution of Xixinan Village has gone through three stages: 1) The budding stage of tourism (2003-2008). The theme development project of ‘Jinpingmei Cultural Park’ was implemented in Xixinan Village, but the benefits and impact of tourism development were not obvious. There was no substantial evolution of rural functions. 2) In the tourism exploration stage (2009-2014), exterior investors purchased and repaired the ancient houses in Xixinan Village. Then they were opened to the tourists. It gave full play to the diversified functions of living, production and consumption of ancient dwellings, and showed the cultural and aesthetic values of Hui-style architecture. Furthermore, the tourism development strategy of Xiesheng Tourism Development Company in Xixinan Ancient Village has failed. 3) In the tourism development stage (2015-), the team of Professor Yu Kongjian from Peking University fully undertook the tourism development and management of the ancient village of Xixinan Village. The rural business has been continuously enriched. Xixinan Village has gradually realized the simplification of agricultural production functions and living functions to cultural protection and inheritance, ecological conservation, leisure and tourism, research and education, and other multi-functional shifts. In general, Xixinan Village has a clear development plan, a rich rural tourism industry, and an increasingly prominent rural multi-functional value system. The functional evolution of Xixinan Village is the certain result of the co-existence of multi-stakeholders such as local government, exterior tourism companies, exterior homestay investors, local residents and tourists. Government policy guidance is the basic guarantee to promote internal and external factor flow and rural multifunctional transformation. Exterior tourism companies are the leading force in promoting the development and operation of Xixinan Village tourism and carrying out various forms of cultural and creative activities. Exterior homestay investors are the key forerunners in constructing rural homestay space, constructing ecological space and leading the practice of local culture civilization. Local residents are vital practitioners who use their own resources to fill market segments and realize home-employment coordination. The cooperation and symbiosis among various stakeholders promote the development and evolution of the rural functions of Xixinan Village. From the perspective of rural function evolution, this study reveals the logic behind the return of villagers, capital and citizens to the countryside to build villages in Xixinan Village, and provides a realistic template and case reference for the transformation and development of Huizhou traditional villages.

Key words: tourism development, traditional villages, evolution of rural functions, Xixinan Village

中图分类号: 

  • F323