地理科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 885-895.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2022.05.014

• 青藏高原环境变化与人类活动专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游发展背景下乡村空间正义的主体博弈与协商——广州石屋新村案例

蔡晓梅1,2(), 邹小丹1,2, 刘美新2,3, 何洁4   

  1. 1.华南师范大学旅游管理学院, 广东 广州 510006
    2.华南师范大学文化产业与文化地理研究中心,广东 广州 510631
    3.广东技术师范大学管理学院,广东 广州 510665
    4.广州大学管理学院,广东 广州 510060
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-28 修回日期:2021-09-06 接受日期:2022-02-09 出版日期:2022-05-10 发布日期:2022-07-11
  • 作者简介:蔡晓梅(1976−),女,湖南隆回人,博士,教授,博导,研究方向为社会文化地理和酒店管理。E-mail: caixm@scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(42071191);国家自然科学基金项目资助(42071189);国家自然科学基金项目资助(42101232);国家自然科学基金项目资助(41971186)

The Bargain and Negotiation of Rural Space Justice Under the Background of Tourism Development: The Case Study of Shiwu Newly Village, Guangzhou, Guangdong

Cai Xiaomei1,2(), Zou Xiaodan1,2, Liu Meixin2,3, He Jie4   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    2. Research Center for Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
    3. School of Management, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou 510665, Guangdong, China
    4. School of Management , Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510060, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2021-06-28 Revised:2021-09-06 Accepted:2022-02-09 Online:2022-05-10 Published:2022-07-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071191);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071189);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42101232);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971186)

摘要:

以广州石屋新村为案例地,通过深入访谈、参与式观察以及收集文本材料等方式获取素材,运用扎根理论进行编码分析,探讨旅游发展背景下乡村空间正义主体博弈与协商的维度与过程。研究发现:① 乡村空间正义主体博弈与协商的内容主要包括分配正义、居住正义、边界正义和信仰正义4个维度,贯穿4个维度的核心和焦点是权力正义。② 4个维度彼此交织,相互影响,前2个维度呼应了马克思空间正义思想的部分观点,后2个维度是中国语境下的理论创新。③ 乡村转型发展过程中杂糅了政府、企业、村民各自的诉求,导致不同主体展演了多元复杂动态的空间正义博弈与协商过程。

关键词: 旅游发展, 乡村, 空间正义, 主体博弈, 权力协商, 扎根理论

Abstract:

With the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, ‘utopian’ rural villages are gradually being engulfed by power and capital. How to ensure the fairness and justice of different subjects in all aspects is particularly important. This article takes Shiwu Newly Village in Guangzhou as a case site, acquires materials through in-depth interviews, participatory observations and collection of text materials, uses grounded theory to conduct coding analysis, and explores the dimensions and processes of the game and negotiation of the main body of rural space justice in the context of tourism development. The research found that: 1) The content of the main game and negotiation of rural space justice mainly includes the four dimensions of distribution justice, housing justice, border justice and faith justice. The core and focus of the four dimensions is power justice. 2) The four dimensions are intertwined and influence each other. The first two dimensions echo some of Marx’s ideas on space justice, and the latter two dimensions are the oretical innovations in the Chinese context. 3) In the process of rural transformation and development, the various demands of the government, enterprises, and villagers have been mixed, which has led to the performance of diverse, complex and dynamic spatial justice games and negotiation processes by different subjects. This research is conducive to constructing a theory of spatial justice that conforms to the Chinese context and explaining Chinese phenomena; In practice, it provides a reference governance paradigm for the settlement of tourism-driven rural spatial justice.

Key words: tourism development, countryside, spatial justice, subjective game, power negotiation, grounded theory

中图分类号: 

  • F59