地理科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 951-962.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2022.06.001

• •    下一篇

基于地理尺度的中国人居环境研究进展

李雪铭1,2,3(), 徐梁1,2,4, 田深圳1,2,4,*(), 杨俊1,2, 刘美含1,2, 刘贺1,2   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学地理科学学院,辽宁 大连 116029
    2.辽宁师范大学人居环境研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
    3.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
    4.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-23 修回日期:2021-12-29 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-08-23
  • 通讯作者: 田深圳 E-mail:lixueming999@163.com;shenzhen890038@163.com
  • 作者简介:李雪铭(1964−),男,江苏常熟人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市人居环境研究。E-mail: lixueming999@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671158)、辽宁省自然科学基金项目(2020-BS-182)、辽宁省社会科学规划基金项目(L19CJY007)、辽宁省社科联2021年度辽宁省经济社会发展研究课题(2021lslqnkt-012)、大连市社会科学界联合会基金项目(2022dlskzd037)资助

Human Settlements in China Based on the Geographical Scale

Li Xueming1,2,3(), Xu Liang1,2,4, Tian Shenzhen1,2,4,*(), Yang Jun1,2, Liu Meihan1,2, Liu He1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. Human Settlement Research Center, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    3. Center for Marine Economy and Sustainable Development Research, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-02-23 Revised:2021-12-29 Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-08-23
  • Contact: Tian Shenzhen E-mail:lixueming999@163.com;shenzhen890038@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Natural Science Foundation of China (41671158), Liaoning Province Natural Science Foundation Project (2020-BS-182), Liaoning Province Social Science Planning Fund Project (L19CJY007), Liaoning Province Social Science Association 2021 Liaoning Province Economic and Social Development Research Topic (2021lslqnkt-012), Dalian Federation of Social Sciences (2022dlskzd037)

摘要:

对国内人居环境的地理尺度进行了新的划分,主体分为现实人居环境、意象人居环境和拟态人居环境(即“三态”),采用“主观文献归纳+客观文献计量”的方法对地理尺度视角下的人居环境内容、数据和方法等进行评述与展望。① 研究内容趋向综合集成化、新人地关系“广深化”和尺度交叉化等;② 研究数据表现出质度和量度的优化态势、多源数据的时空融合趋势和“小数据+大数据”的组合互补方向等;③ 研究方法体现在质性研究的更新化、计量模型的丰富化和“大数据智能分析+小数据抽样调查”的聚合化等。未来,国内人居环境研究应深化“一横+一纵”的逻辑分析原则,横向尺度关注居住、工作、交通、游憩等不同人类活动的时空特征,纵向尺度关注现实人居环境、意象人居环境及拟态人居环境融合趋势下人类聚居的深层结构,围绕着“三态”人居行为逐步完善为多视角、多领域和系统综合的学科群组。

关键词: 人居环境, 拟态人居环境, 意象人居环境, 综合集成

Abstract:

Over the past decades, China has made great progress in industrial development, urban construction and information technology, and it leads to tremendous changes in the human settlements. In addition, socio-economic development has introduced the diversified human activities, which brings new challenges to the cognition of traditional human settlements. In this paper, a new division of domestic human settlements have been proposed, it is divided into real human settlements, imagery human settlements and pseudo human settlements (i.e. the “three states” of human settlements) based on the geographical scale. Using the “subjective literature induction + objective literature bibliometrics” approach, this paper reviews and prospects the related studies on human settlements from the geographic scales of “three states”, including its content, data and methods. From the analysis above, the following conclusions are drawn in this paper. ① The studies of human settlements have the tendency to be comprehensive and integrated in terms of themes, disciplines and directions. The studies of human settlements have made great progress in understanding the human-land relationship. An increasing number of studies consider the impact of different geographical scales on human settlements. ② Dataset of human settlements shows a trend towards quality optimization, with increasing resolution and precision. The trend of spatio-temporal integration of data from multiple sources is becoming more and more evident. The combination of “big data” and “small data” is also the characteristic of human settlements. ③ Qualitative studies have made significant advances in investigation forms, analytical tools and methods. Growing numbers of econometric models are being developed for the study of human settlements. At the same time, the aggregation of “big data intelligent analysis + small data sampling survey” is applied to explore the relation between human and environment. In the future, domestic studies of human settlements should deepen the logic analysis principle of “one horizontal + one vertical”. On the one hand, scholars should focus on the spatio-temporal characteristics of different human activities (such as living, working, transportation and recreation) at the horizontal scale. On the other hand, much attention should be paid to the deep structure of human settlements under the trend of “reality- imagery -pseudo” at the vertical scale. Domestic studies should be centered on the “three states” of human settlement and diversified human activities. Finally, the Science of Human Settlements would be gradually evolutionary into the multi-perspective, multi-fields, and systematically integrated discipline group.

Key words: human settlements, pseudo human settlements, imagery human settlements, integrated integration

中图分类号: 

  • K901.8