地理科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 1064-1072.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2022.06.012

• • 上一篇    下一篇

1989—2019年中国滑雪场时空特征及其演变规律

颉佳1,2(), 王世金1,2,*(), 窦文康3, 赵灿文4   

  1. 1.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/玉龙雪山冰冻圈与可持续发展国家科学野外观测研究站,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
    4.成都理工大学旅游与城乡规划学院,四川 成都 610059
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-12 修回日期:2021-06-16 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-08-23
  • 通讯作者: 王世金 E-mail:jiejia20@mails.ucas.ac.cn;wangshijin@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:颉佳(1998−),女,甘肃兰州人,硕士研究生,主要从事冰冻圈旅游地理研究。E-mail: jiejia20@mails.ucas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项(XDA19070503、 XDA23060702)、国家社会科学基金项目(19FGLB061)资助

The Spatio-temporal Characteristics and Evolution Law of Chinese Ski Resorts from 1989 to 2019

Xie Jia1,2(), Wang Shijin1,2,*(), Dou Wenkang3, Zhao Canwen4   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences/Yulong Snow Mountain Glacier and Environment Observation Research Sation, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    4. College of Tourism and Urban Rural Planning, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2021-03-12 Revised:2021-06-16 Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-08-23
  • Contact: Wang Shijin E-mail:jiejia20@mails.ucas.ac.cn;wangshijin@lzb.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA19070503, XDA23060702), National Social Science Foundation of China (19FGLB061)

摘要:

滑雪场空间分布特征、集聚演变状况与分布方向性变化深刻影响着中国滑雪旅游乃至冰雪产业的发展。运用地统计学空间分析原理,通过最邻近指数分析、空间自相关分析、核密度分析、标准差椭圆及平均中心分析,对1990年前后每10 a 中国滑雪场空间特征及其演变规律进行了综合分析。结果显示:① 1990年之前,仅在黑龙江和吉林省有7家滑雪场,且分布较为离散。② 1990—1999年,滑雪场数量呈小幅增长,空间上出现向新疆、河北和四川扩散的现象。③ 2000—2009年,滑雪场增速较快,并形成了以哈尔滨?牡丹江、北京?张家口两地区为核心的滑雪场双核驱动模式。④ 2010—2019年,是滑雪场数量增速最快的10 a,期间新增滑雪场522家,并在双核驱动模式基础上,逐步形成了以长白山、燕山–太行山为主要条带的联通南北的滑雪场空间结构。总体上,近30 a中国滑雪场呈现出了“南展西扩东进”的空间演变特征。该研究结果对于未来中国滑雪场空间布局、优化及其区域间的协调发展具有一定的理论指导意义。

关键词: 滑雪场, 滑雪旅游, 空间自相关分析, 标准差椭圆分析

Abstract:

The spatial distribution characteristics, agglomeration evolution status and distribution direction changes of ski resorts have a profound impact on the development of China’s ski tourism and even the ice and snow industry. Using the principle of geostatistical spatial analysis, through nearest neighbor index analysis, spatial autocorrelation analysis, kernel density analysis, standard deviation ellipse and average center analysis, the spatial characteristics and evolution of China’s ski resorts every 10 years before and after 1990 were synthesized. analysis. The results show that: 1) Before 1990, there were only 7 ski resorts in Heilongjiang and Jilin Province, and their distribution was relatively discrete. 2) From 1990 to 1999, the number of ski resorts increased slightly, and spatially spread to Xinjiang, Hebei and Sichuan. 3) From 2000 to 2009, the ski resorts grew rapidly, and a dual-core driving model of ski resorts with Harbin-Mudanjiang and Beijing-Zhang as the core was formed. 4) 2010-2019 is the 10 years with the fastest increase in the number of ski resorts. In 10 years, 522 new ski resorts have been added. Based on the dual-core model, the main belts of Changbai Mountain and Yanshan-Taihang Mountain have been gradually formed. The spatial structure of ski resorts connecting south and north. On the whole, the Chinese ski resorts in the past 30 years have shown the spatial evolution characteristics of “south exhibition, west expansion, east advancement”. The research results have certain theoretical guiding significance for the future spatial layout, optimization and coordinated development of China’s ski resorts.

Key words: ski resort, ski tourism, spatial autocorrelation analysis, standard deviation ellipse analysis

中图分类号: 

  • G863.1