地理科学 ›› 1998, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (5): 472-478.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1998.05.472

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

景观生态结构与生物多样性保护

周华锋, 傅伯杰   

  1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 北京100085
  • 收稿日期:1997-12-29 修回日期:1998-07-05 出版日期:1998-09-20 发布日期:1998-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家杰出青年科学基金

ECOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF LANDSCAPE AND BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION

Zhou Huafeng, Fu Bojie   

  1. Research Center for Eco Environmental Science, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085
  • Received:1997-12-29 Revised:1998-07-05 Online:1998-09-20 Published:1998-09-20

摘要: 论述了景观结构及干扰对生物多样性的影响,景观结构主要考虑斑块大小、形状、边缘、廊道这些景观要素,干扰主要指人类干扰;阐明了这些要素对生物多样性的影响及在生物多样性保护中的意义。为指导保护区设计、物种管理及土地开发提供科学依据。

Abstract: Biodiversity is very important natural resource. It is our human beings’ material base for survival. The protection of biodiversity has been paid more and more attention to. How to protect biodiversity is a key research issue to ecologists. In this paper, we discussed protecting biodiversity from a landscape ecology prospective. Four landscape factors, patch, edge, corridor and disturbance are selected to discuss their relations with biodiversity. It has a great significance to understand and apply these relations. It will provide us with a powerful tool for reserve designing, species managing and land use planning.

中图分类号: 

  • Q15