地理科学 ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 316-322.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2003.03.316

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

小兴安岭森林土壤动物群落多样性的研究

殷秀琴1, 吴东辉1,2, 韩晓梅1   

  1. 1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024;
    2. 吉林大学地球科学学院, 吉林 长春 130026
  • 收稿日期:2002-02-27 修回日期:2002-06-21 出版日期:2003-05-20 发布日期:2003-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40171053,49471045)和林业部重点项目(森林生态系统定位研究)。

Diversity of Soil Animals Community in Xiao Hinggan Mountains

YIN Xiu-Qin1, WU Dong-Hui1,2, HAN Xiao-Mei1   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Science in Xiao Hinggan Mountains, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024
  • Received:2002-02-27 Revised:2002-06-21 Online:2003-05-20 Published:2003-05-20

摘要: 对小兴安岭阔叶红松林、次生白桦林、云冷杉红松林、兴安落叶松林、云冷杉林和赤杨林6种生境中的土壤动物群落多样性进行了研究。结果表明,在阔叶红松林生境中,无论大型土壤动物还是中小型土壤动物,多样性都较高,表明其生境条件比其它5种生境优越。土壤动物的多样性与丰富度、均匀度呈正相关,与优势度呈负相关,与个体数没有直接相关关系。土壤动物的垂直多样性分布,随土层深度增加而减少,但递减速率不同,中小型土壤动物表聚性要比大型土壤动物明显。

Abstract: Diversity of soil animals community in Xiao Hinggan Mountains has been studied in six different habitats of Pinus koraiensis and broad-leaved mixed forest, secondary birch forest, spruce-fir and Pinus koraiensis forest, Larix gmelini forest, spruce-firforest and Alnus hirsuta forest respectively. The results show that the dominant group of large-size soil animals is Enchytraeidae belonging to Oligochaeta. And it is identical with that in Hokkaido, Japan. But it is different from that in Tianmu Mountains, Hengshan Mountain and Yuelu Mountain belonging to subtropics, and Xiaolong Mountain belonging to warm temperate zone. The dominant groups of middle-small-size soil animals are Acarid and Collembola. And they are similar to those in Japan and other zones in China. The diversity not only of large-sized soil animals but also of middle-small-sized soil animals is higher in the habitat of Pinus koraiensis and broad-leaved mixed forest. The habitat conditions of Pinus koraiensis and broad-leaved mixed forest are superior to the other five habitats. The correlation between the diversity of soil animals community and richness and evenness uniformity is positive, but the correlation between the diversity of soil animal community and dominance is negative, and between the diversity of soil animal community and individual numbers is not direct. The comparability indexes of different habitats are all high. It is shown that the diversities of soil animals in 6 habitats have differences but also have comparability. The distribution of vertical diversity of soil animals is all surface gathering and decreasing with the increase of soil layer depth, but the velocity is different. The surface gathering of middle-small-sized soil animals is obvious.

中图分类号: 

  • S154.5