地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (2): 156-161.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.02.156

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

可持续发展评价初探

黄铁青, 张养贞   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所, 吉林 长春 130021
  • 收稿日期:2000-08-17 修回日期:2001-04-18 出版日期:2002-03-20 发布日期:2002-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技攻关计划项目(97-759)资助。

Primary Research on Assessment of Sustainable Development

HUANG Tie-qing, ZHANG Yang-zhen   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130021
  • Received:2000-08-17 Revised:2001-04-18 Online:2002-03-20 Published:2002-03-20

摘要: 简要阐述了可持续发展评价的两个基本方面发展和可持续性,推导了评价中可能出现的8种评价结果,构建了能科学和直观地表达评价结果的可持续发展评价坐标系,指出了表格式指标体系的缺陷,提出了克服这一缺陷的金字塔型指标体系,对当前主要的发展指数和可持续性指数进行了分析和比较,分析比较后认为:人类发展指数是衡量发展的合适指数,生态盈余是衡量可持续性的合适指数。

Abstract: The essential aspects that should be considered in assessing the progress towards sustainable development are defined as development and sustainability. Eight classes of possible assessment result are inferred. The coordinate system of sustainable development assessment, composed of sustainability indicator as X-axis and development indicator as Y-axis, is proposed. The defects of matrix framework of sustainable development indicators are shown, and a new kind of framework called pyramid framework is proposed in order to overcome those defects. Several indexes are analyzed and compared, then the human development index (HDI) is chosen to reflect the development aspect, and the ecological remainder, which is the difference between ecological space and ecological footprint, is chosen to reflect the sustainability aspect.

中图分类号: 

  • F061.3