地理科学 ›› 2000, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 97-101.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2000.02.97

• 论文 •    下一篇

新时期中国区域发展状态的比较研究

任东明   

  1. 北京师范大学资源与环境科学系 北京130083
  • 收稿日期:1999-02-01 修回日期:2000-01-16 出版日期:2000-03-20 发布日期:2000-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    1999年中国区域发展报告(KJ-03-04)成果

The Comparative Research on the State of Regional Development During the New Period in China

REN Dong-ming   

  1. Department of Resources and Environment Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:1999-02-01 Revised:2000-01-16 Online:2000-03-20 Published:2000-03-20

摘要: 90年代以来,特别是“八五”计划期间,我国经济超高速增长。尽管各地区的社会经济取得了巨大进步,但各地的人口、资源与环境问题却逐渐显露。从区域的可持续发展的观点出发,建立了全国的区域发展指标体系,对全国31个省市区的经济发展、社会进步、资源与环境保障及区域发展能力进行了综合评价,阐述了我国新时期经济高速增长条件下各省市区的区域发展状态。

Abstract: The new period refer to the time after the 1990s, roughly between 1990 to 1997. During the new period, the economy increased at the highest speed in China. Although economy and society all made a great achievement, many problems especially the resources and environment are becoming more and more serious. At present, all the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions have worked out their own RD (regional development) strategy, but the RD state discrepancy is appearing obivously for the difference of the regional condition, development process and the cognition to the RD concept. The article selects twenty-seven indicators and set up the RD indicators system. All the indicators are divided into four types including economy progress, social development, resource-environment insurance and the SD capacity. Then this paper calculates the numerical values of all the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions and discussed the economy progress, social development, resource-environment insurance and the SD capacity of all the regions in China. At the basis of above discussion, the paper divides all the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions into six basic-type area (BATs) of RD State. The BTAs include: I-synthetical development state is the best; Ⅱ-synthetical development state is better; Ⅲ-synthetical development state is better medium; Ⅳ-synthetical development state is less medium; Ⅴ-synthetical development state is worse; Ⅵ-synthetical development state is the worst. In the mean well, this paper analyses the state of regional development of the six BTAs. At last this paper gives some policy suggestions: (1) Althogh the synthetical development state of the east part of China is better, there are crisis of resources and environment. Environment civilization should be stressed and tough environmental policies should be carried out as well; its economic development should be moderate, too. The keystone is the industries structure upgrading and technique diffusion being widened. The development of all the industries, which cost more energy and pollute severely, should be brought under control. (2) The middle part of China should choose the way to combine progress with preservation, implement stretch environment polices. Its economic progress should not stop and the strength of environment protection cam mpt redice. In the regions where resources are relatively rich such as Inner Mongolia, Shanxi Province, the keystones of development is the improvement of infrastructure and the investing environment, the natural resources, the keystones of development is the improvement of infrastructure and the investing environment, the natural resources is exploited in a reasonable way. Its main target is to restore economic increase and improve its progressing quantity gradually. (3) As a result of the strict of exploiting condition, a certain resources advantage in the west part of China is not so well as the image of some persons. In fact, the huge cost during the cosmically exploitation of natural resources in west part of China have proved a reality, that there is not suitable to arrange large projects of resources-processing. For the west part, the target is to reinforce the exploitation of parts of resource, improve its infrastructure, enhance people’s living standards, get rid of the threatening of poverty for the future. (4) due to the huge regional discrepancy of development state in China, we should stress the importance of maintain the harmonious relationship between population, recouces and environment in different regional scale.

中图分类号: 

  • F061.5