Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
旧版网站  
 
优先出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行

ISSN 1000-0690
CN 22-1124/P
创刊于 1981 年 (月刊)
  关于期刊
    » 期刊简介
    » 编 委 会
    » 数据库收录
    » 获奖情况
  作者中心
    » 在线投稿/查稿
    » 征稿指南
    » 稿件格式与修改说明要求
    » 论文模板
    » 版权转让协议
  审稿中心
    » 审稿要求
    » 专家在线审稿
  在线办公
    » 主编审稿登录
    » 远程编辑登录
    » 在线生产中心
  • 地理科学
      1996年, 第16卷, 第1期 刊出日期:1996-01-20 上一期    下一期
    选择: 合并摘要 显示图片
    论文
    悼念、缅怀赵松乔教授
    申元村
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 1-2.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.1
    摘要   PDF (1586KB)
    我国著名地理学家赵松乔先生是《地理科学》和《中国地理科学》(英文版)的编委,生前为促进和推动两刊的创办和发展作出过特别贡献.他的不幸辞世,不仅是我国地理学界的损失,同时也是我两刊的重大损失.我们特约申元村先生撰写此文,以表达两刊编委会的沉痛悼念,寄托哀思,并共同缅怀他的业绩.
    Related Articles | Metrics
    我国汛期降水与ENSO不同位相的联系
    钱步东
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 3-9.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.3
    摘要   PDF (2541KB)
    利用本世纪以来较长年代的降水资源,分析了ENSO与我国各地(尤其是东部地区)汛期降水间的联系.结果表明,不仅 ENSO暖位相(EIÑino年)与冷位相(LaÑino年)我国汛期降水距平百分率的分布存在明显差异,而且EIÑino年与其次年、LaÑino年与其次年降水距平百分率的分布均存在显著差异.
    The Chinese precipitation patterns in flood season associated with the ElÑino/southern Oscillation(ENSO) are investigated, especially in the eastern China, using the rather long period rainfall data in this century. The results show that there are remarkable differences between the precipitation patterns in ENSO warm phase (ElÑino year) and cold phase (LaÑino year) flood seasons, as well as between the patterns in ElÑino years and their next years. The most parts of China receive below normal rainfall in ElÑino year flood seasons, but the coastal area of Southeast China receives above normal amounts. Comparatively, the most parts of China receives above normal rainfall in ElÑino’s next year flood seasons, but the eastern part of the reaches among the Huanghe (Yellow) River, the Huaihe River and the Haihe River, and theÑortheast China receive less. During ENSO cold phase, the reaches of the Changjiang(Yangtze) River and theÑorth China receive more amounts than normal rainfall in LaÑino year flood seasons, and the other regions of China receive less. In LaÑino next years, the coastal area of the Southeast China, the most part of theÑortheast China and the regions between the Huanghe River and the Huaihe River receive more precipitation during flood seasons, but the other parts receive below normal precipitation.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    青藏高原可可西里地区现代冰川发育特征
    李世杰
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 10-17.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.10
    摘要   PDF (2710KB)
    经野外考察和室内分析计算,青藏可可西里地区发育现代冰川437条,覆盖面积达1552.39km2,冰储量为162.8349km3,成为本区众多河流湖泊水体的重要补给源泉.受气候条件和地形、地势的影响,海拔6000m以上的山地集中分布了本区冰川条数的61.8%,冰川总面积的85.5%,和冰储量的91.4%.冰川平衡线高度的变化表现出从南向北降低;从东南向西升高.这种现象与本区降水量从东南向西北减少的分布相一致.本区冰川普遍退缩,反映了近期气候的变暧.
    According to the field expedition and statistical data, there are 437 glaciers, covering the total area of 1552. 39 km2 with the ice storage of 162. 8349 km3 in the Hoh Xil re-gion, Qinghai Province, being important water supply sources to the river and lakes in the region. Development of glaciers in this region is clearly affected by the climatic and topo-graphical conditions. Statistical data show that 61.8% of the total glacial number and 85. 5% of the total glacial area with 91. 4% of the total ice storage concentrates in the high mountain areas 6 000 m a. s. 1.. The equilibrium line elevation (ELE) of glaciers is de-creasing with the latitude increasing, average lowering 125m/1. Otherwise, the ELE in-creases from the east to the west in each mountain range, which is coincident with the de-crease in precipitation from east to west, reflecting the vapour in the air coming from the southwest monsoon through the path of southeastern Xizang (Tibet). Besides the precipi-tation caused by the monsoon transporting vapour, the precipitation caused by the local circulation is quite important supply source to the glacial development in the interior mountains. The geomorphological feature of the lake basins alternating with the mountain ranges in the Hoh Xil region is of benefit to the local circulation. In recent period, all of glaciers are retreating with the climate warming.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    我国企业组织空间联系模式研究
    费洪平
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 18-25.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.18
    摘要   PDF (2664KB)
    我国企业空间联系模式在不同环境条件下具有不同的类型,文章探讨了计划经济条件下、计划与市场混合经济条件下以及社会主义市场经济条件下不同的联系模式.此外,企业空间联系模式还与企业的外部环境因素有关.
    The paper attempts to examine the relationships between industrial organizations and their environment from an essentially spatial perspective and organization theory, and inte-grate the generalizations derrived from organization theory and industrial geography to i-dentify spatial linkage patterns created by the enterprises, both in the aggregate and indi-viduallly. These issues are organized around three elements. First, we attempt to examine the conceptualization of spatial linkages of enterprises. Second, we identify the patterns of enterprises under different economic systems and its features in China. Third, particular attention is then given to the relationships between three aspects of organizational struc-tures and its external environment, and its spatial linkage patterns of enterprises. From many organizational factors which might influence the spatial linkage patterns, five have been selected for analysis. They are product types, type of enterprises’ownership (that is, whether or not it is under external control), size of the enterprise, operational technology and organizational complexity. These factors was by themselves highly correlated with value or volume of material and market linkages. Finally, we analyses the changes of spa-tial linkage patterns over time, of a representive sample of the Nanjing Automotive Indus-trial Corporation, and illustrates the the findings with case studies.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    全球变暖对中国东北植被的影响及对策
    徐文锋, 邹春静, 卜军
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 26-36.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.26
    摘要   PDF (2819KB)
    中国东北植被对全球变暖的响应如下:未来建群种的变动类型分为三个类群;气候变暖后,植物种群将向北迁移400~700km,向上迁移250~350m;栽培作物的界线有所变化;大部分植物物候发育将提前一个节律;主要森林生态系统生产力将提高7.65%,农业生态系统产量将提高36.4%.
    Based on the prediction of GCMS, by the middle of the next century, the concentration of CO2 in atmosphere will be doubled and the global temperature will increases about 2℃, vegetation response to global warming,in Northeast China will be the followings:1. The future alternate types of edificators can be divided three types (extending population; retreat population; extinct population). 2. The decision of the future distribution border of edificators as climate warming. Based on this formula: WI =288. 94-251X-0.81Y-0. 038H, (R=0.9812), it is calculated that the edificators will move northwards about 400-700 km when the temperature increases 2℃ and the population moves upwards 250-350m. 3. The influence of climate warming on the distribution border of cultivated crops. The northern survival border may move northwards 110-160 km for apple, 220 km for cotton. The elevation for ginseng cultivation will increase to 750-800 m. 4. The influence of climate warming on the growth and development of plant. Based on the function of frost-free period (F) = 3.7945 + 7.4581t, the growth period of plants will pro-long for 15 days and the phenological development of trees will roughly advance one sea-son. 5. The influence of climate warming on productivity. The productivity of main forest ecosystems will increase 7.65% and that of main agroecosystems will increase 36.4%.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    庐山、黄山与天目山地区第四纪沉积环境比较研究
    朱诚
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 37-45.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.37
    摘要   PDF (2851KB)
    对庐山、黄山、天目山几个主要剖面进行Fe3+/Fe2+测定结果表明,三个地区在第四纪期间最低年平均气温并未做过0℃,因此不具备冰川发育条件.而且根据磁性地层、岩性薄片、网纹化现象、CM图、x衍射和抱粉分析结果,说明三个地区第四系具有非冰川的多成因沉积特点.
    The data of Fe3+/Fe2+ show that the lowest annual air temperature of the Lushan, Huangshan and Tianmu mountains didn’t reach below 0℃ therefore, glacier couldn’t develop in these regions. According to palaeomagnetic test combined with the phenomenon of red reticulate ground and lithologic identification, the author elaborates that the "Poyang moraine" is mainly the fluvial sediments of the early period of the Middle Pleis-tocene. It was formed by transportation of the ancient Gan River under the humid hot cli-mate. For C-M image, the Dajiaochang profile of Lushan Mountain is very similar to periglacial and the debris flow deposits, but the profile of Jiangpochang and Yaoshalin have many kinds of geneses, i. e., debris flow, water debris flow and alluvial etc. In the south piedmont of the Huangshan Mountain, slope gravity and slope seasonal running wa-ter transportation are mainly deposit factors. In the "glacial varve" of the Denglongqiao profile of the Tianmu Mountain, its CaO and Na2O content is lower than the nonglacial carve, the fact shows that it has the features of the violent leaching, weathering and nonglacial action.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    近年来我国地面反射率的若干重要特征
    李国平, 陈仲林
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 46-50.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.46
    摘要   PDF (2398KB)
    本文利用1986~1990年我国14个具有地理、气候代表性的日射观测站的实测资料,分析了我国地面反射率的若干最新特征,为认识和研究我国地理和气候变化提供了某些依据.
    Based on the radiation data in fourteen representative stations from 1986 to 1990, some new characteristics of surface albedo in China are analyzed in this paper. The results may provide scientific basis for further research on the geographic and climatic variation in China.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    区域经济联系定量分析初探——以上海与苏锡常地区经济联系为例
    王德忠, 庄仁兴
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 51-57.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.51
    摘要   PDF (2498KB)
    针对目前区域联合日益广泛和经济联系量化研究不足的现状,在联系强度等方面提出一些新概念;阐述了经济联系量化指标的选取,建立了经济联系定量分析模型.并借助这一模型,计算了苏锡常地区与上海经济联系强度值,分析了苏锡常地区与上海经济联系的区域差异.
    Aimed at the spread of regional coalitions and insufficient quantitative study on eco-nomic links at present, this paper puts forward some new concepts, expounds the indexes of quantitative analysis of economic links and establishes the quantitative-analysis matrix of economic links. With the help of the matrix, this paper counts values of the link inten-sities between Su-Xi-Chang (Suzhou-Wuxi-Changzhou) and Shanghai, and analyses the regional differences of the economic links.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    梁启超的人地关系研究及其学术思想
    曹诗图, 王衍用
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 58-65.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.58
    摘要   PDF (2735KB)
    肯定了梁启超在人文地理诸多领域的研究成就,认为他的人地关系学术研究,体现了明晰的人地相关思想和科学的地理唯物论,以及动态的地理作用观.并对他的人地关系研究缺陷及其原因进行了分析.指出他的宝贵学术思想遗产对当今人文地理研究有着深刻启迪.
    In this paper, we review Liang Qichao’s widespread researches, academic thoughts, successes and failures in relation between human beings and geographical conditions over-all and impartially. We fully approve his research achievements in the areas of anthropo-geography. We think that Liang’s relation between human beings and geographical condi-tions researches have explicitly embodied the relation between human beings and geo-graphical conditions and also demonstrated the scientific geographical materialism and the view of dynamic geographical function. The cause and drawback of Liang’s on relation be-tween human being and geographical conditions researches have been analysed. It is point-ed out that the valuable legacies of Liang’s academic thoughts are fundamental to the en-lightenment of contemporary human geography research.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    综述
    我国水环境非点源污染研究与展望
    鲍全盛, 王华东
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 66-72.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.66
    摘要   PDF (2597KB)
    剖析土地利用方式与污染负荷之间的内在联系是非点源污染研究的基本出发点,采用大区域调查分析与小区实测相结合,引入新技术,并进行模型化研究.今后应完善非点源污染总量控制与排污权交易工作,开发非点源污染信息系统与专家系统,加强人工模拟实验研究,开展污染控制、管理对策研究.
    The research on non-point source pollution of water environment in China began at the end of the 1970s. Through over ten-year study, it has already reached preliminary achievement. This paper gives a review of the situation of the resarch on non-point source pollution of water environment in China, concludes the achievements and existing prob-lems, and prospects the trends of development of research on non-point source pollution of water environment in China by combining with the development of this research over the World.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    研究报道
    株州市土壤重金属污染的对应分析
    尚金城, 龙爱民, 姜建祥
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 73-78.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.73
    摘要   PDF (2399KB)
    株州市土壤重金属污染的主要原因是工厂排放有害气体,或是水体污染物随灌溉进入土壤.采用对应分析方法,将市区土壤重金属污染分为3种类型.靠近工业污染源附近,镉的含量及污染指数高;大部分土壤受多种重金属污染;水稻土主要表现为铅的污染.
    In this paper, monitoring analyses to the Heavy metal content of various types of soil specimens in the urban district of Zhuzhou City are carried on. And on the basis of stan-dardizing disposition of monitoring analyses data, the method of Corresponding Analysis is taken to divide the types of geographic spatial distribution of heavy metal pollution of soil in urban district. Thereby, the simple method, only taking synthetical pollution index to divide the types of pollution previously, is changed and it can provide scientific basis for the defensive ways of heavy metal pollution of soil of farmland in urban district and for the reasonable utilization and a long-range plan of land.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    绿洲系统产业结构的历史演变及其发展方向——以高台绿洲为例
    周劲松
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 79-87.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.79
    摘要   PDF (2766KB)
    以高台绿洲为例,分析产业结构在历史各阶段的特点以及用灰色模型CM(1.1)加以预测,将绿洲划分为原始牧业绿洲(1300~121a B.C.),传统农牧绿洲(121 a B.C~A.D.2000 a),新型产业绿洲(A.D,2000 a以后),并指出绿洲产业化是其必然趋势.
    Oasis is a huge system constructed by natural and human systems in historical stage. The oasis industrial structure stands for the developing level of the productive force, de-termines the function of oasis system and influences the development of the system finally. By analyzing characteristics of industrial structure of Gaotai oasis in the historical stage and predicting its change by grey model, namely GM (1,1), the author classifies the oasis as three types: primitive stockbreeding oasis (1300-121 a B.C.), traditional farming and stockbreeding oasis (121 a B. C.-A. D. 2 000 a), new type industrial oasis (A. D. 2 000 a--) and points out that industrialization of oasis is its positive trend.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    环境制图中数量特征的表示方法研究
    欧竹斌
    地理科学. 1996, 16 (1): 88-94.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.01.88
    摘要   PDF (2572KB)
    对环境制图中反映数量特征的定点符号法,包括几种连续和分级比率符号、非比率分级符号以及相关内容数量特征的表示进行了具体分析比较.对表示要素数量特征面状分布的网格法和等值线法,也结合实例进行了评述.
    The paper discusses how to present the quantitative features in environmental map-ping, analyses and compares the presentation of quantitative features of continuous and grading ratio symbols, non-ratio symbols and related contents. The Use of map grid method and isometric line method in the presentation of the quantitative features of plane distributive elements are also discussed with the practical examples.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
  编辑部公告 More  
· 声明
  2019-03-04
· 新年贺词
  2018-12-25
· 新春祝福
  2016-12-30
· 《地理科学》影响因子年报(2016版)
  2016-09-18
· 祝贺我刊三篇文章入选“首届最具影响力中国地理期刊优秀论文”
  2016-05-31
· 严正声明
  2016-05-11



  友情链接 More  


版权所有 © 《地理科学》编辑部
地址:长春市高新北区盛北大街4888号 邮编:130102 电话:+86 431 85542324 E-mail: geoscien@neigae.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn