Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
旧版网站  
 
优先出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行

ISSN 1000-0690
CN 22-1124/P
创刊于 1981 年 (月刊)
  关于期刊
    » 期刊简介
    » 编 委 会
    » 数据库收录
    » 获奖情况
  作者中心
    » 在线投稿/查稿
    » 征稿指南
    » 稿件格式与修改说明要求
    » 论文模板
    » 版权转让协议
  审稿中心
    » 审稿要求
    » 专家在线审稿
  在线办公
    » 主编审稿登录
    » 远程编辑登录
    » 在线生产中心
  • 地理科学
      1997年, 第17卷, 第3期 刊出日期:1997-05-20 上一期    下一期
    选择: 合并摘要 显示图片
    论文
    港澳地区对中国内地直接投资的区位选择及其空间扩散
    贺灿飞, 陈颖
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 193-200.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.193
    摘要   PDF (1198KB)
    对港澳地区在中国内地直接投资的空间分布及其空间转移做了实证分析,表明港澳地区对中国内地的直接投资趋向于沿海地区和与之有特殊社会文化联系的区位,同时更有向中西部和北部转移的趋势;决定港澳地区对中国内地投资空间模式和转移态势的因素是经济规模、经济增长速率、劳动力因素、经济开放度、与沿海的经济距离等。
    Foreign direct investments(or FDIs) have been employed since the early 1980s.and they have become more and more important in Chinese economic development.However,the roles of FDIs are very different between regions,partly due to the different locational preference of various source countries.Some facts show that FDIs from Hongkong-Macao indicate a strong locational preference.Therefore,this paper attempts to make an empirical research on the locational preference of Hongkong-Macao’FDIs and their spatial diffusion under the support of statistical data with regression analysis.In this paper,three statistical models,including the special location model,the general location model and the spatial diffusion model,are created.The results show that this kind of analysis is successful.The major conclusions are as follows:1.The optimum location for FDIs from Hongkong-Macao lies in the coastal area,especially Guangdong,Hainan,Jiangsu,Shandong,Fujian provinces.Besides,Hubei Province in the middle area is also an important region.2.The FDIs from Hongkong-Macao in China have diffused gradually from the coastal provinces to the inland regions,the northern and the metropolis and from the locations that had attracted investment to their vicinities since the 1990s.3.The special locational factors,such as the border location,the unique social and cultural ties are the key factors determining the special locational distribution.4.The general location and spatial diffusion of Hongkong-Macao’s FDIs are the results of interplay of several economic factors.They are the economic scale and advantage,the growth rate,the labor force and economic extroversion.The author believes that it is only a preliminary analysis and further research becomes very necessary in the near future.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    地表物质迁移的构成特征及其地域变化
    许炯心
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 201-207.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.201
    摘要   PDF (575KB)
    提出地表物质迁移构成特征的概念及其指标,运用我国东部季风影响范围内近60条河流的资料,探讨了地表物质迁移构成特征与影响因子的关系,并研究了我国地表物质迁移构成特征随纬度的变化。
    The earth surface sediment transport is composed of two parts:the transport of non-soluble debris and that of dissolved solids,which are the results of mechanical and chemical denudations.Accordingly,the following index is proposed to describe the composition of total sediment transfer:I=Dc/Dt=Dc/(Dc+Dm) where Dc and Dm are surface sediment transfer due to chemical and mechanical denudations,respectively,Dt is total surface sediment transfer.This index is found to be closely related to zonal natural factors such as precipitation,temperature and vegetation.The Dc/Dt value increases with mean annual precipitation and runoff,and decreases with drainage basin dryness index.In the monsoon influenced eastern China,from south to north,this index decreases rapidly,reaching a minimum,and then increases.This areal variation may be explained by the relation between the chemical and mechanical denudations in different natural zones,which in its turn is controlled by the specific combination of climate and vegetation in each zone.The forest cover in the eastern China is found to vary latitudinally in the same way as the index Dc/Dt,indicating that vegetation is an important factor controlling the relation between chemical and mechanical denudations.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    区域国土资源分等评价研究——以大连陆域国土资源为例
    潘贤君, 胡宝清
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 208-213.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.208
    摘要   PDF (848KB)
    区域国土资源分等评价是价格评估的前期工作。文中以大连陆域国土资源分等评价为例,讨论了区域国土资源等级评定方法。
    The classification and evaluation of regional natural resourus are very important to exploit and supervise natural resources.Classification is the former work of the evaluation.Taking the natural resouras of Dalian City as an example,the authors discuss the method for classifying natural resources.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    场论理论在经济客体地位评价中的应用——以河南省城市地位为例
    王新生, 姜友华
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 214-217.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.214
    摘要   PDF (602KB)
    一个经济客体地位的评价不能单从该经济客体本身来考虑,它还与评价区域周围其它观察经济客体有关,会受到其它经济客体的衬托作用。经济客体的地位应包括评价经济客体在其它经济客体处的“势”和其它经济客体在评价经济客体处的“势”两部分。
    The rationing evaluation of the economic object’s status is very important in urban planning,regional planning and social economic developing planning.It is the main content of this paper to apply the theory of gravitational field to evaluating the status of the economic object.We can have the aicd of the“gravitational potential energy”concept for it.The status of some economic object is not only related to its own influence,but also the influences of other economic objects,and the status of some economic object includes two parts:one is“potential energy”that this economic object has at the sites of others;the other is“potential energy”that others have at its site.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    中国旅游资源开发模式与旅游区域可持续发展理念
    王兴中
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 218-223.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.218
    摘要   PDF (811KB)
    从旅游资源开发与区域旅游关系的角度,指出国内旅游资源在开发方面存在着不同的理念与方法论模式,导致不同的区域旅游开发效果;从旅游可持续发展的原则出发,旅游区域开发在理论上应该建立多元趋势分析旅游开发理论体系,在实践上应建立区域“大旅游”的结构系统,并提出区域旅游开发的一些理念。
    The paper,pointed out the relationship between developing the tourism resources and the region travel.There exist different theories and methodological patterns in tourism resource development in China: 1) recognition pattern of developing the“little-region travel”and 2) recognition pattern of developing the“big-region travel”,which cause different development results and effects in the tourism areas.According to the principle of sustainable development of travel,a multielement trend analysis tourism development and a“big-region tranel”structure system should be established,and some patterns and theories about developing the region travel are pointed out: 1) the pattern of developing the“big-region travel”;2) the principle about developing the region travel of China in a decade of a century etc.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    人地非线性相关作用的探讨
    刘继生, 陈涛
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 224-230.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.224
    摘要   PDF (1015KB)
    从自组织系统思想出发,提出了人地关系的基本特性(非决定性、不对称性和非线性),通过逻辑斯蒂方程的数学变换,分析了人地非线性相关作用的混沌特征,进而讨论了人地关系的分形(多分维)性质。基于混沌过程与分形结构的因果关系,指出:地球表层系统中的人文分形景观乃是人地非线性关系的混沌作用所致。
    The studies on man-land relationship will not only contribute to unifying geographical theory by getting rid of dualism,but also are great practical value to solving problems on environment,resources,population,and so on.Being based upon the idea of systematic self-organization,the papar advances a new point of view of man-land relationship with non-determinity.The non-linear interaction between man and land is analysed dynamically by means of logistic map which can reflect relationship between a system and its environment.After discussing the chaotic course in the interaction,the authors point out the multifractal nature of man-land relationship.The conclusion is that fractal structure is a good structure of nautre,and chaotic course often leads to this kind of structure.The chaotic course is the very cause which results in human fractal landscape on the surface of the earth.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    环渤海区域水环境问题及其防治对策
    吴凯
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 231-236.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.231
    摘要   PDF (842KB)
    环渤海区域包括天津市、河北省、山东省的31个县市区。分析了该区水环境诸如黄河断流、河流水污染、地下水降落漏斗和地面沉降、海水入侵、饮水型氟中毒、地下水中碘含量异常等问题。其中,黄河断流有愈来愈频、愈来愈长、愈来愈提前的趋势。针对上述水环境问题,文中提出了相应的防治对策,可供有关决策单位参考。
    The region surrounded by the Bohai Sea includes 31 counties,cities and districts of Tianjin City,Hebei Province and Shandong Province.The status quo of the water environment problems in the region,such as running out of flow in the Huanghe River,water contamination in the rivers,funnel of groundwater and earth subsidence,invasion of seawater,fluorine poisonning in drinking water and abnormal content of iodine in groundwater and so on,were briefly analyzed in this paper,in which running out of flow in the Huanghe River has the tendency of occurring more frequent,longer and more early.In view of the problems as said above,the preventing and controlling countermeasures for the water environment were suggested,which are available for reference by the policy-making departments concerned.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    云南哀牢山常绿阔叶林土壤渗漏水养分研究
    甘健民, 薛敬意, 谢寿昌
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 237-242.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.237
    摘要   PDF (646KB)
    在云南哀牢山生态站对中山湿性常绿阔叶林进行定位研究,根据1991~1993年的观测资料,对土层10,25,45,65cm土壤渗漏水养分浓度、养分迁移及养分滞留的变化进行了分析和讨论。
    The concentration,migration and stagnation of nutrient in soil percolating water in 10 cm,25 cm,45 cm and 65 cm soil layers in the evergreen broad-leaved forest of the Ailao Mountains in Yunnan Province were analysed and observed on the basis of the data collected during 1991-1993.The results are useful for recognizing the nutrient change law of soil percolating water in southwest monsoon area,subtropical montane forests manegment,rational exploitation and protection of soil source,and enhancement of productivity.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    天山泥石流灾害的形成条件和过程特点
    熊黑钢, 刘耕年, 崔之久, 宋长青
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 243-247.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.243
    摘要   PDF (481KB)
    泥石流是天山主要自然灾害之一。天山泥石流按触发因素可以分为暴雨型泥石流和冰川型泥石流两类。目前天山泥石流主要对交通运输造成灾害,在部分地点对厂矿企业和居民点造成灾害。天山泥石流的形成和发生有其特点,掌握其形成条件和过程特点有利于减轻自然灾害。
    Debris flow is one of the most serious natural hazards in Tianshan Mountains.According to trigger agent,the debris flows can be divided into storm type which is caused by strom flood,and glacial type which is caused by flood from melting of snow and glacier in hot weather.At present,debris flow causes damage mainly to transportation,sometimes to mining and residents in the mountainous area.The catastrophic process and the forming condition of the debris flow show regional regularity,therefore,the research of its distribution,processes,and environmental condition is useful in mitigating the natural hazard.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    河西走廊平原区全新世河流阶地对气候变化的响应
    李有利, 杨景春
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 248-252.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.248
    摘要   PDF (596KB)
    河西走廊的石羊河、黑河、北大河和疏勒河在平原区发育了两级阶地,根据14C测年数据,低阶地形成于5.57~3.15kaB.P.,高阶地形成于11~8kaB.P.,在8~6kaB.P.之间为河流下切期。将河流作用与古气候变化对比发现,下切期与稳定的湿热气候同期,河流加积作用发生在由干向湿或由湿向干的过渡时期。
    The Shiyang River,Heihe River,Beida River and Shule River developed 2 Holocene terraces each in the plain area of the Hexi Corridor.Based on 14C ages from the sediments on the terraces,it is discovered that the lower terraces were formed between 5.57 ka B.P.and 3.15 ka B.P.,the higher terraces were formed between 11 ka B.P.and 8 ka B.P.,and that there was downcutting perod of the rivers from 8 ka B.P.to 6 ka B.P.Comparing the alluvial terraces with the climatic changes in the Holocene,it is concluded that the downcutting period was coincident with the stable warmer and wetter climate,and the aggradation took place when the climate was changing either from drier to wetter or from wetter to drier.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    南京宝华山地区全新世沉积环境研究
    朱诚, 于世永, 张兵, 赵宁羲, 严苏宁, 王郡玉, 任黎秀
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 253-258.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.253
    摘要   PDF (846KB)
    南京宝华山地区两剖面沉积物及埋藏古树和炭化木等的孢粉、粒度、扫描电镜和地球化学、年代学测定分析表明,本区在全新世气候最宜期至少在(6588±192)aB.P.、(5720±80)aB.P.和(5410±120)aB.P.~(5145±84)aB.P.期间发生了规模较大的山地洪水,当时的自然景观主要为亚热带针阔叶混交林。本区剖面中上部是在亚北方期大约1000~850aB.C.的寒冷期中主要由风尘搬运的堆积物。本区剖面顶部的褐黄色砂质粉砂层则是在亚大西洋期(2450~1980aB.P.期间)于暖湿环境下形成的河漫滩相沉积。本区全新世最宜期的数次大洪水可能与气候——海面的短期振荡及突变事件有关。
    Analyses of sporo pollen,granularity,scanning electron microscope,geochemical and chronology for sediment and buried paleo trees reveal that at least the large mountain floods had ever occurred in 6588?192 a B.P.,5720?80 a B.P.and 5410?120 a B.P.-5145?84 a B.P.during the climatic optimum of the Holocene in this area.At that time,the natural landscape there was mainly subtropic coniferous broad mixed forest.The gray-yellow silt and yellow-brown silty clay layer with thickness of 1.1 m in Hepingchong profile was formed by dust transport and accumulation during the cold period (1000 BC-850 BC) in Subboreal Phase.However,the upper brown yellow sandy silt layer in the profile of the area was formed by alluvial flat facies deposits during the warm-humid environment of Subatlantic Phase(2450-1980 a BP).The several large floods occurred in the climatic optimum of the Holocene there were perhaps concerned in short oscillation and abnormal event between climate and sea surface.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    松嫩平原沙地资源开发与农业发展研究
    李取生, 裘善文
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 259-264.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.259
    摘要   PDF (788KB)
    松嫩平原沙地具有较为优越的自然条件,开发潜力巨大。沙地合理开发的关键是采用沙地生态工程技术、沙地农业工程技术和沙地水利工程技术相结合,建立高效稳定的沙地人工生态系统对沙地进行综合开发。
    The sandy land resource in Songnen Plain is one kind of important reserve land resources.Comparing to other sandy land in China,its exploiting conditions are relatively better through decades management.The sandy land exploitation has been put on the order of the day with the westward movement of the focal point of agricultural development in Songnen Plain.According to the relationships between the history of sandy land reclamation and the changes of the sandy land desertification,and the current problems in sandy land utilization,the key of sandy land exploitation is to build a high beneficial and stable man-controlled eco-system,which not only conforms to the desertification laws but also could meet the demand of human economic development.The study shows that very obvious economic,social and ecological benefits have been obtained through comprehensive exploitation of sandy land using sandy land ecological engineering techniques,sandy land agricultural engineering techniques and sandyland irrigation techniques.These techniques are worthy of spreading.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    农业信息系统支持下的玉米遥感估产模型研究
    刘湘南, 黄方
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 265-270.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.265
    摘要   PDF (775KB)
    在县级农业信息系统的支持下,分析了玉米遥感估产机理,提出了遥感获取玉米估产因子的原理与方法,确定了探测玉米生长参数及评价玉米生态环境的遥感指数。在此基础上,分区、分阶段建立了玉米遥感综合估产模型。
    The integration of remote sensing and geographical information system technology is an optimal method for maize yield estimation.In this study,a county agricultural information system has been established,which supports various data capture,information complex and spatial analysis.Based on the system,maize yield estimation mechanism is explored with remote sensing,whereby maize yield factors can be derived from remote sensing indices.Some relative models between vegetation index (PVI,RVI,NDCI,WDVI,TSAVI,etc.) and Leaf Area Index (LAI),chlorophyll concentration and biomass are developed.Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI) is calculated to indicate the stress of maize growing conditions.Therefore,with the aid of the system,PVI,NDCI and CWSI,which respectively stand for maize biological parameters and imitate its ecological environment,are two categories index in a comprehensive yield estimation model.Then,considering the difference of maize growing environment in Lishu county,not only three yield classes of maize are determined but also three yield estimation models for each class are developed.Moreover,yield estimation models for each maize growing stage are discussed in this paper.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    青海湖流域沼泽化草甸形成发育的主要气候因子
    周筠珺, 周立华
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 271-277.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.271
    摘要   PDF (772KB)
    青海湖是一个较特殊的巨大微咸水湖。青海湖流域沼泽化草甸具有明显的湿地生境特征,其形成发育和时空分布的主要气候因子是大于等于10℃的积温和5月至9月的降水及年湿润系数。根据主要气候因子作出了湿地率与该环境形成发育的主要气候因子的数学模型。
    Qinghai Lake is located in the northeastern Qinghai Xizang (Tibet) Plateau.It is a special big light saltwater lake.Paludification meadow in Qinghai Lake drainage area is an eco-system affected by the eco-environment factors.Paludification meadow in Qinghai Lake drainage area have obvious wetland habit features,is the component of Qinghai Lake wetland.Its formation,development,and spatial and temporal distribution are governed by a few main meteorological factors in the eco-environment to a certain extent.The main meteorological factors are ≥10℃ accumulated temperature,precipitation from May to September and annual humidity coefficient.The mathematical model of the mire wetland rate and the main meteorological factors are given by multivariate linear regression in the paper.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    长山群岛水环境基本特征与水资源开发研究
    邓伟
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 278-284.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.278
    摘要   PDF (800KB)
    长山群岛特有的地质、地理环境及其气候条件决定其水环境容量小、水资源有限。海岛区域开发应走持续协调发展的道路,水资源开发不应以损害水环境为代价,必须走水资源持续利用的开发模式。
    Aiming at the potential crises of water resources confronted by the regional development,the paper studies the formation of the island water resources and the ways of rational development by analysing the fundamental characteristics of islands water environment.The geological and geographical environment and regional climate condition peculiar to the islands determine that the water environment capacity is small,with limited water resources.The regional exploitation of islands should follow the way of sustainable and coordinated development.In order to exploit water resources we can not damage the water environment,must seek a pattern of sustainable utilization of water resources.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    马鞍山的古冰川地貌
    罗成德
    地理科学. 1997, 17 (3): 285-288.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.285
    摘要   PDF (482KB)
    马鞍山是四川盆地西南边缘(102°55’E、28°58’N)第一高山(4288m),此山存在第四纪冰川地貌。它是我国东部一处典型的古冰川地貌,时代属末次冰期与新冰期。
    The Mt. Ma’an(4288m) is the highest mountain in the southwest edge of Sichuan Basin (102°55’E,28°58’N).There are Quaternary glacial landforms on this mountain.It is a typical example of fossil glacial landforms in the east China.Its glacial stages are the last glaciation (Q33) and the neoglaciation (Q43).
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
  编辑部公告 More  
· 声明
  2019-03-04
· 新年贺词
  2018-12-25
· 新春祝福
  2016-12-30
· 《地理科学》影响因子年报(2016版)
  2016-09-18
· 祝贺我刊三篇文章入选“首届最具影响力中国地理期刊优秀论文”
  2016-05-31
· 严正声明
  2016-05-11



  友情链接 More  


版权所有 © 《地理科学》编辑部
地址:长春市高新北区盛北大街4888号 邮编:130102 电话:+86 431 85542324 E-mail: geoscien@neigae.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn