Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
旧版网站  
 
优先出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行

ISSN 1000-0690
CN 22-1124/P
创刊于 1981 年 (月刊)
  关于期刊
    » 期刊简介
    » 编 委 会
    » 数据库收录
    » 获奖情况
  作者中心
    » 在线投稿/查稿
    » 征稿指南
    » 稿件格式与修改说明要求
    » 论文模板
    » 版权转让协议
  审稿中心
    » 审稿要求
    » 专家在线审稿
  在线办公
    » 主编审稿登录
    » 远程编辑登录
    » 在线生产中心
  • 地理科学
      1982年, 第2卷, 第1期 刊出日期:1982-01-20 上一期    下一期
    选择: 合并摘要 显示图片
    论文
    中国荒漠地带土地类型分析——四个典型地区的地球资源卫星象片判读
    赵松乔
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 1-16.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.1
    摘要   PDF (3369KB)
    “土地”是一个包括地貌、气候、水文、土壤、植被等全部自然要素在内的自然综合体,这个综合体并受到过去和现代人类活动的影响。极端干旱的荒漠地带在我国广泛分布。东自贺兰山西麓(东经106°左右)向西直到电苏国界,南从东昆仑山北麓(北纬36°左右)向北直抵中蒙国界。
    The extremely arid desert zone is distributed widely in China,located westwardfrom the Holan Shah up to the Sino-Russian border and northward from the KunlunShan up to the Sino-Mongolian boundary.It has an area of about 1.9 million sq.km,occupying one fifth of total land area of China.There are now about 60 millionmow of cropland in the desert zone of China,with about 200 million mow of stillunused arable land which accounts for nearly 30% of total unused arable land inChina.In this desert zone,land and mineral resources as well as solar and windenergy are very bountiful,with a considerable amount of water and biologicalresources too;all of them have great capability for further and better development.The desert zone of China is chiefly characterized by the following physical fea-tures:(1)The climate is extremely dry.Sunshine and solar radiation are very richwith generally more than 3400 hours of sunshine and 130-155 k.cal/cm2 of solarradiation annually.Winters are long and severe,and thermal variations,bothannual and diurnal,are very great.Strong winds blow frequently.(2) Geomorphologically thedesert zone of China is essentially composed of the Alashan Plateau andthree great inland basins-the Junggar,the Tarim and the Qaidam.As a whole,theground surface is level or undulating,with rather coarse materials,chiefly sands and gravels.(3)Practically no perennial river fed by local runoff exists.Thereflow in the zone only intermittent streams and a few larger rivers which areoriginated in the surrounding high mountains.The distribution of ground waterresource is quite variated and unbalaneed:very rich along perennial river channelsanti high mountain piedmont plains,while very poor in most other parts of thezone.(4)The most widely distributed soils are yermosols,xerosols and solonchaks,allwith soil profiles poorly developed,soil moisture and humus content very low,parentmaterials rather coarse,and salt content very high.(5)The desert vegetation is verysparse,generally less than 20-30% in coverage,with large tracts less than 5%.Thedesert vegetation is ecologically mainly composed of shrubs,half-shrubs and small half-shrubs and floristieally mostly of chenopodiaceae,compos ite and zygophyllaceae.In the desert zone of China,major diversifying physical attributes in terrainanalysis are landforms and ground surface materials.Seven major terrain typesare indentified in the first-level terrain types:clay and silt level terrain,sandy level terrain (sandy desert or Shamo,accounting for about 30% of totaldesert area),stony,gravel level terrain (Gobi,accounting for about 25% oftotal desart area),Denundational mountain and hill,Erosional high mountain,Ni-val apine,Oases (planted Vegetation).First and second-level terrain classificationsystem is tentatively proposed as table 1.Four natural regions are indentified in the desert zone of China:The AlashanPlateau temperate desert,The Junggar basin temperate desert,The Tarim basinwarm-temperate desert and The Qaidam high Plateau Desert.This paper takes the Jiayuguan,the Turpan basin,The Minfeng and Tajnar-lake areas as examples,they respectively represent four natural regions in thedesert zone of China,and analyzes terrian type based on landsat imageries.From above-discussed sample studies in landsat imagery,it seems good and quickresults might be obtained for terrain analysis and mapping in the desert zone of China if we use simultaneously an advanced remote lsensing technique and the traditional ground-truth investigation.
    Related Articles | Metrics
    关于我国经济的地区差异问题
    胡兆量, 尹俊骅, 庄一民
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 17-22.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.17
    摘要   PDF (2550KB)
    我国是经济地区差异最大的国家之一世界上很少有像我国这样经济地区差异巨大的国家。研究、认识这种地区差异,采取因地制宜的政策、方针,选用适用技术,是我国经济建设成败的重要关键。
    China is one of the countries which has the biggest differences in its economic regions in the world.The economic levels of the rich provinces and cities areten times more than that of the poor ones,and the differences are 30 to 40 times between the rich cities and the poor rural areas.The tendency for the gaphas become wider and wider.Comparing China and the United States with twoindexes:Index of concentration and coefficient of Geographic Assiociation,wecan see clearly that the diferences of economic regions in our country is far freater than that in the United States.The differences between various regions in our Country are caused by complicated factors,such as natural conditions,history,society and culture.In order toraise the efficiency of our Construction,we ought to realize the differences inConditions of economic regions,the causes and the economic law.We should makethe best use of the situation for the realization of the four modernizations.This is an honourable and historical task which the Chinese economic geography should undertake.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    造纸工业布局与水环境动态平衡
    李为
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 23-32.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.23
    摘要   PDF (2926KB)
    造纸工业的生产和布局同其他生产部门一样,是在一定的环境中进行的。一方面,它依赖于周围的环境并对其有特定的要求;另一方面,它又干予和改造周围的环境。从而,使两者具有相互影响、相互作用、相互制约的关系。
    This paper concerns with the interaction between distribution of paper industry and the dynamic equilibrium of aquatic environment,and the law of variation ofthe aquatic environmint after polluted by the paper industry.This paper emphasizes on the discussion of the specific requirements of the distribution of paper industryon aquatic environment;the dynamic equilibrium of the natural aquatic environment and it special features of variation;the infleunce of the waste water drained frompaper industy on aquatic environment and its law of time and space variation;and the significance of and the measurest to be take for keeping and restoring the dynamice quilibrium of aquatic envirnrnment by adjusting the distribution of paper industry.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    专题地图地理底图的探讨
    马永立
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 33-39.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.33
    摘要   PDF (2618KB)
    专题地图是应某一方面的专门需要,以特殊的表现手法,突出地表示某一种或数种自然和社会经济现象,或某一现象的多方面指标的地图。人类对复杂多样的自然和社会经济现象认识程度的不断深化,以及相关学科的渗透,促进了专题地图的发展。
    By comparing and analyzing the base maps of part of the the matic maps athome and abroad,this paperfrom the aspects of function,contents,and standardization of base maps,expounds the problems of the relationship between base map and the matic map,the way of improving the quality of base map,and the approach of speeding up the formation of high quality thematic map.All these are intended for changing the present status of thematic mapping in our country.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    论小区域气候调查的物候学方法
    张福春
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 40-48.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.40
    摘要   PDF (2730KB)
    山区气候分析和县级气候区划是目前农业生产上对气候学提出的两个新课题。我国是个多山国家,丘陵山地占总面积的三分之二。目前,平原多已开垦,复种指数较高,只有广大山地丘陵地尚有开发余地,特别是热带、亚热带山地丘陵地的发展潜力很大。我国是10亿人口的大国,每人平均占有耕地较少,利用山区发展林、牧业和多种经营是农业发展的必然趋势。所以,解决山区气候调查和分析问题迫在眉睫。
    This paper propesed that one may use phenology method for climatic investigation in a small area,and discussed systematically the method and steps for inves-tigation.Finally,according to the practical condition of China,the author recommendsd the application of phenology method in climatic investigation of mountain area and county climatic regionalization.The full text is divided into three parts:1.Indicative phenology phenomenon and analysis of the climatic elementsindicated.The phenology phenomena indicating each season are classified and numerous temperature indices of cold damage for tropical belt and subtropical belt plants insouthern China are cited.2.procedures for calculating climate in small area bv phenology method andthe phenology phenomen on investigation method.Procedures:(1)Compare and analyze phenology data and climate data of same location,establish regression equation between them for stand-by purpose.(2)Collect and find indicative phenology phenomenon and determine corresponding climatic indices for stand-by purpose.(3)Determine climatic analysis items for certain location and then determine the scope and method of phenology investigation.(4)Organize phenology observation and investigation.(5)Sort out and analyze the phenology investigation data and convert the min to climatic element values.Finally,make out climatic figure and climatic regi-onalizition figure,and write out a summarizing report.Investigaiton methods of phenology data:Fixed point observation method and moving observation mathod.3.Illustrations with examples concerning some applications of phenology inmountain area climatic investigation and county climatic regionalizition of China.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    陆地卫星图象在埋藏泥炭资源普查中的应用——皖南地区埋藏泥炭影象识别标志
    范士忠, 赵承华, 周克光
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 49-56.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.49
    摘要   PDF (2726KB)
    遥感技术在裸露型泥炭的资源普查中已得到应用。但在埋藏型泥炭资源普查中的应用,还是一个值得研究的问题。中国的泥炭资源有五分之一属于埋藏型泥炭,如果遥感技术能够在埋藏型泥炭资源普查中得到有效应用,将具有重要的经济意义。
    A successful example of application of the remote sensing technique to buried poat district is presented in this paper,as a result of investigation for peatresources of southern Anhui.The peat in the surveyed district is completely coveredby the soil of late Holocene.The overburden is about 1 to 8 meters.On theearth surface the distribution and boundary of the peat field can not be located.Therefore it is more difficult to investigate these peat resources by using conventional geological method.By means of systematic analysis of landsat image and false colouroptical enhancement for the specific objective,the author acquired theimage mark by which the buried peat district being identified.Soon afterward,a series of checking for the identification mark have been made,and the reliability of the mark has been established.Based on the mark which had been confirmed by ac-tual data,the boundary of buried peat district was accurately located,and the peat reserves were estimated and evaluated.These peat resources were found.This result showsthat by means of landsat image,the surveying on small scale for the buried peatfield is feasible.Finally,several technical issues are also discussed in this paper,including theknowledge for forming mechanism of image mark of buried peat district and theconcept "perspective information",etc.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    长白山的高山苔原土
    孟宪玺
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 57-64.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.57
    摘要   PDF (2754KB)
    长白山位于吉林省东南部与朝鲜交界处,海拔2700余米,为亚洲大陆东北部之高峰,亚洲东部苔原分布的南界,也是我国东部唯一出现高山苔原的地方。在长白山土壤垂直分布系列中,对山顶无林带土壤的命名,以往曾有人称山地石质草甸土、高山草甸土、高山冰沼土、山地冰沼土等。
    The Changbai Mountain which is situated at the boundary between the southeastern part of Jilin province of China and Korea,is the highest peak inthe northeastern part of Asia and it is also the sole mountain in eastern China developing tundra soil.The characteristics of the alpine tundra soil on the Changbai Mountain areas follows:(1)The accumulation of organic matter is obviously faster than the deco-mposition of organic matter.(2)The soil solution pH 4.9-6.1.The reaction in the layer not far from the surface layer is mainly reduction and strong gleization dominantly takes placeand furrous oxides are formed.(3)The soil layer is thin.Its texture is coarse.Its exchange able base content is very low(<10m·e/100g soil).And it is deficient in nutritious elements.(4)In the humic composition of soil,fulvic acid is dominant,except inpeat layer (H/F0.24-0.82).The alpine tundra soil of the Changbai Mountain is divided into 3 sub-groups:1.original or stony tundra soil;2.typical tundra soil;and 3.bush tundra soil.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    试论城市发展中的工业波
    洪昌仕
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 65-72.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.65
    摘要   PDF (2646KB)
    工业“波”是借用波的形象来研究城市工业向市区外部逐步扩展的现象。即,某一大中城市工业不断向城市周围扩展,这种扩展往往呈波状布局;或者某一大中企业配置在一个地区后,就会在其周围相应地发展一个个工厂;或者一个大型矿产资源被开采利用时,周围逐渐建立起一连串的工业企业。这些现象,我们称它为工业“波”。在工厂布局密集的工业区带为波峰。
    The term Industrial “wave” used in this article is taken from the phenome-non of urban industry extending gradually in a “wave” pattern from the city center toward all directions.That is to say,industry in a large-or medium-sized cityextends all around in a wave-like distribution;or,once there is a large-or medium sized enterprise established at a certain location,then there will be related factories to be setup around it one by one;or,when there is a mine being opened up,there will be a series of enterprises to be setup in same manner. There should be two basic factors or the formation of Industrial “wave”;The energy source of wave generation and the conditions for wave formation.Industrial “wave” emerges and develops along with urban industrilization.The whole progress of Industrial “wave” from its emergence through its evolution consists of four stages: stage of wave accumulation,stage of near-wave,stageof distant-wave and stage of regenrated wave.Referring to the nature of wave formation,Industrial “wave” can be divided into three categories: Large-or medium-sized city,mining industry city and layout of large industry city,The evolution of industry in Naniing shows all the four stages of Industrial “wave”.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    研究报导
    西藏高原沼泽植被的基本特征
    赵魁义
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 73-82.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.73
    摘要   PDF (2873KB)
    西藏高原位于我国西南边疆,东自横断山脉,西达喀喇昆仑山;南迄喜马拉雅山,北抵昆仑-唐古拉山,平均海拔4000米以上,素称“世界屋脊”,总面积120余万平方公里。在这样独特的自然条件下,沼泽植被的特点,与低海拔沼泽的差异,过去尚无专门的报道。本文在两次西藏考察基础上,试对沼泽植被的基本特征,作一概括的介绍。
    The characteristics of the swamp on Xizang Plateau,as compared with those of the swamps in other areas,are as follows: 1.The unique components of Qingzang Plateau are prominent in association composition.Kobrecia littledalei is an important component of swamp and it with Blysmus sinocompressus forms the special swamp association.This swamp which isdistributed at the highest location in China is characterised by composition simplicity,short and thick grass,sturcture simplification and short growing season. 2.It is mainly the low herbaceous swamp.Besides Cyperaceal swamp and Graraineal swamp,there appears pure weed swamp which forms unique dicotyledom swamp landscape. 3.The succession of swamp vegetation is showing a tendency of naturaldrying,swamp degradation and area reduction.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    我国历史上沼泽的名称、分类及描述
    赵德祥
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 83-86.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.83
    摘要   PDF (1510KB)
    沼泽学是我国比较年轻的一门学科,而作为独立的学科,是六○年代才开始建立和发展起来的。但沼泽自身作为一种客观实体和自然景观,则早已存在,我国历代史书均有所记载或论及。现将我国历史上对沼泽的名称、分类及描述进行一些初步探讨,错误之处,请批评指正。
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    学术动态
    全国环境地球化学及污染化学地理专业委员会举行首次学术讨论会
    朱颜明
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 87-87.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.87
    摘要   PDF (337KB)
    中国环境科学学会环境地球化学及污染化学地理专业委员会首次学术讨论会于1981年10月18至23日在贵阳市与环境质量评价、环境地质地球化学学术讨论会同时举行。中国科学院地学部主任涂光炽教授向大会致开幕词,国家科委环境保护专业组付组长、中国科学院环境科学委员会付主任郭方同志就环境科学的发展问题作了报告。
    Related Articles | Metrics
    第六届国际泥炭会议论文简介
    白效明
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 88-90.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.88
    摘要   PDF (911KB)
    由国际泥炭学会(IPS)主持召开的第六届国际泥炭会议,于1980年8月17至23日在美国明尼苏达州德鲁斯市举行。与会者共有77个国家500多名代表。我国首次派代表参加了这个会议,并以集体会员名义加入该学会。这次会议的主题是“泥炭地在众多的有限资源——能源、食品、纤维材料和自然区中的作用”。会议根据所提交的151篇论文、分成四个专业委员会宣读。
    Related Articles | Metrics
    联合国泥炭能源利用会议在赫尔辛基召开
    刘兴土
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 91-94.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.91
    摘要   PDF (2321KB)
    1981年6月8日至12日,联合国和芬兰政府合作在赫尔辛基召开了发展中国家泥炭能源利用会议。出席会议的有十九个国家(阿根廷、孟加拉、巴西、布隆迪、几内亚、圭亚那、牙买加、巴拉圭、秘鲁、菲律宾、卢旺达、塞内加尔、扎伊尔、中国、瑞典、爱尔兰、苏联、美国、芬兰)和联合国有关机构的代表共60人。
    Related Articles | Metrics
    国际地理学联合会(IGU)学术活动计划简讯
    齐伯南
    地理科学. 1982, 2 (1): 95-96.   DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.95
    摘要   PDF (709KB)
    第廿五届国际地理学大会将于1984年8月下旬在法国巴黎召开。巴黎大会之前,1982年8月中旬,拉丁美洲地区会议将在巴西首都举行。拉丁美洲地区会议是由国际地理学联合会巴西国家委员会组织的。会议总议题是“发展中国家,尤其是拉丁美洲发展中国家社会和经济发展问题”。
    Related Articles | Metrics
  编辑部公告 More  
· 声明
  2019-03-04
· 新年贺词
  2018-12-25
· 新春祝福
  2016-12-30
· 《地理科学》影响因子年报(2016版)
  2016-09-18
· 祝贺我刊三篇文章入选“首届最具影响力中国地理期刊优秀论文”
  2016-05-31
· 严正声明
  2016-05-11



  友情链接 More  


版权所有 © 《地理科学》编辑部
地址:长春市高新北区盛北大街4888号 邮编:130102 电话:+86 431 85542324 E-mail: geoscien@neigae.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn